Toward a global reference database of COI barcodes for marine zooplankton
Bucklin, Ann; Peijnenburg, Katja T. C. A.; Kosobokova, Ksenia N.; O’Brien, Todd; Blanco-Bercial, Leocadio; Cornils, Astrid; Falkenhaug, Tone; Hopcroft, Russ; Hosia, Aino Laila Johanna; Laakmann, Silke; Li, Chaolun; Martell, Luis; Questel, Jennifer M.; Wall-Palmer, Deborah; Wang, Minxiao; Wiebe, Peter H.; Weydmann-Zwolicka, Agata
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionMarine Biology. 2021, 168, 78. 10.1007/s00227-021-03887-y
Characterization of species diversity of zooplankton is key to understanding, assessing, and predicting the function and future of pelagic ecosystems throughout the global ocean. The marine zooplankton assemblage, including only metazoans, is highly diverse and taxonomically complex, with an estimated ~28,000 species of 41 major taxonomic groups. This review provides a comprehensive summary of DNA sequences for the barcode region of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI) for identified specimens. The foundation of this summary is the MetaZooGene Barcode Atlas and Database (MZGdb), a new open-access data and metadata portal that is linked to NCBI GenBank and BOLD data repositories. The MZGdb provides enhanced quality control and tools for assembling COI reference sequence databases that are specific to selected taxonomic groups and/or ocean regions, with associated metadata (e.g., collection georeferencing, verification of species identification, molecular protocols), and tools for statistical analysis, mapping, and visualization. To date, over 150,000 COI sequences for ~ 5600 described species of marine metazoan plankton (including holo- and meroplankton) are available via the MZGdb portal. This review uses the MZGdb as a resource for summaries of COI barcode data and metadata for important taxonomic groups of marine zooplankton and selected regions, including the North Atlantic, Arctic, North Pacific, and Southern Oceans. The MZGdb is designed to provide a foundation for analysis of species diversity of marine zooplankton based on DNA barcoding and metabarcoding for assessment of marine ecosystems and rapid detection of the impacts of climate change.