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dc.contributor.authorHorn, Cathrine
dc.contributor.authorLaupsa-Borge, Johnny
dc.contributor.authorAndersen, Amanda
dc.contributor.authorDyer, Laurence
dc.contributor.authorRevheim, Ingrid
dc.contributor.authorLeikanger, Trine
dc.contributor.authorNæsheim, Nicole Tandrevold
dc.contributor.authorStorås, Inghild
dc.contributor.authorJohannessen, Kristine Kjerpeseth
dc.contributor.authorMellgren, Gunnar
dc.contributor.authorDierkes, Jutta
dc.contributor.authorDankel, Simon Erling Nitter
dc.description.abstractIt is widely assumed that people with obesity have several common eating patterns, including breakfast-skipping (1), eating during the night (2) and high fast-food consumption (3). However, differences in individual meal and dietary patterns may be crucial to optimizing obesity treatment. Therefore, we investigated the inter-individual variation in eating patterns, hypothesizing that individuals with obesity show different dietary and meal patterns, and that these associate with self-reported energy intake (rEI) and/or anthropometric measures. Cross-sectional data from 192 participants (aged 20–55 years) with obesity, including 6 days of weighed food records, were analyzed. Meal patterns and dietary patterns were derived using exploratory hierarchical cluster analysis and k-means cluster analysis, respectively. Five clear meal patterns were found based on the time-of-day with the highest mean rEI. The daily rEI (mean ± SD kcal) was highest among “midnight-eaters” (2550 ± 550), and significantly (p < 0.05) higher than “dinner-eaters” (2060 ± 550), “lunch-eaters” (2080 ± 520), and “supper-eaters” (2100 ± 460), but not “regular-eaters” (2330 ± 650). Despite differences of up to 490 kcal between meal patterns, there were no significant differences in anthropometric measures or physical activity level (PAL). Four dietary patterns were also found with significant differences in intake of specific food groups, but without significant differences in anthropometry, PAL, or rEI. Our data highlight meal timing as a determinant of individual energy intake in people with obesity. The study supports the importance of considering a person’s specific meal pattern, with possible implications for more person-focused guidelines and targeted advice.en_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
dc.titleMeal patterns associated with energy intake in people with obesityen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2021 the authorsen_US
dc.source.journalBritish Journal of Nutritionen_US
dc.identifier.citationBritish Journal of Nutrition. 2021.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal