Vis enkel innførsel

dc.contributor.authorBjørseth, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorSimensen, Josefine Oudmayer
dc.contributor.authorBjørnethun, Aina
dc.contributor.authorGriffiths, Mark D.
dc.contributor.authorErevik, Eilin K.
dc.contributor.authorLeino, Tony
dc.contributor.authorPallesen, Ståle
dc.description.abstractPop-up messages utilized by gambling operators are normally presented to gamblers during gambling sessions in order to prevent excessive gambling and/or to help in the appraisal of maladaptive gambling cognitions. However, the effect of such messages on gambling behavior and gambling cognitions has not previously been synthesized quantitatively. Consequently, a meta-analysis estimating the efficacy of pop-up messages on gambling behavior and cognitions was conducted. A systematic literature search with no time constraints was performed on Web of Science, PsychInfo, Medline, PsychNET, and the Cochrane Library. Search terms included “gambling,” “pop-up,” “reminder,” “warning message,” and “dynamic message.” Studies based on randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental designs and pre-post studies reporting both pre- and post-pop-up data were included. Two authors independently extracted data using pre-defined fields including quality assessment. A total of 18 studies were included and data were synthesized using a random effects model estimating Hedges' g. The effects of pop-ups were g = 0.413 for cognitive measures (95% CI = 0.115–0.707) and g = 0.505 for behavioral measures (95% CI = 0.256–0.746). For both outcomes there was significant between-study heterogeneity which could not be explained by setting (laboratory vs. naturalistic) or sample (gambler vs. non-gamblers). It is concluded that pop-up messages provide moderate effects on gambling behavior and cognitions in the short-term and that such messages play an important role in the gambling operators' portfolio of responsible gambling tools.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleThe effects of responsible gambling pop-up messages on gambling behaviors and cognitions: A systematic review and meta-analysisen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2021 the authorsen_US
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Psychiatryen_US
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Psychiatry. 2021, 11, 601800.en_US

Tilhørende fil(er)


Denne innførselen finnes i følgende samling(er)

Vis enkel innførsel

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Med mindre annet er angitt, så er denne innførselen lisensiert som Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal