Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorBerge, Line Iden
dc.contributor.authorGedde, Marie H.
dc.contributor.authorHusebø, Bettina Elisabeth Franziska
dc.contributor.authorErdal, Ane
dc.contributor.authorKjellstadli, Camilla
dc.contributor.authorVahia, Ipsit Vihang
dc.description.abstractOlder adults face the highest risk of COVID-19 morbidity and mortality. We investigated a one-year change in emotions and factors associated with emotional distress immediately after the onset of the pandemic, with emphasis on older age. Methods: The online Norwegian Citizen Panel includes participants drawn randomly from the Norwegian Population Registry. Emotional distress was defined as the sum score of negative (anxious, worried, sad or low, irritated, and lonely) minus positive emotions (engaged, calm and relaxed, happy). Results: Respondents to both surveys (n = 967) reported a one-year increase in emotional distress, mainly driven by elevated anxiety and worrying, but we found no difference in change by age. Multilevel mixed-effects linear regression comparing older age, economy-, and health-related factors showed that persons in their 60s (ß −1.87 (95%CI: −3.71, −0.04)) and 70s/80s (ß: −2.58 (−5.00, −0–17)) had decreased risk of emotional distress relative to persons under 60 years. Female gender (2.81 (1.34, 4.28)), expecting much lower income (5.09 (2.00, 8.17)), uncertainty whether infected with SARS-Cov2 (2.92 (1.21, 4.63)), and high self-rated risk of infection (1.77 (1.01, 2.53)) were associated with high levels of emotional distress. Conclusions: Knowledge of national determinants of distress is crucial to tailor accurate public health interventions in future outbreaks.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleAge and Emotional Distress during COVID-19: Findings from Two Waves of the Norwegian Citizen Panelen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2021 by the authorsen_US
dc.source.journalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH)en_US
dc.relation.projectUniversitetet i Bergen: 2019/4439en_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 273581en_US
dc.identifier.citationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021, 18 (18), 9568.en_US

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal