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dc.contributor.authorKaldenbach, Siri
dc.contributor.authorEngebretsen, Ingunn Marie Stadskleiv
dc.contributor.authorHaskins, Lyn
dc.contributor.authorConolly, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorHorwood, Christiane
dc.description.abstractSouth Africa has a documented high prevalence of stunting and increasing obesity in children as well as obesity in adults. The double burden of malnutrition, which can be on an individual-, household- or population level, has implications for both health and the economic development of a community and country. This paper describes a large-scale survey (N = 774) of infant feeding, growth monitoring and anthropometry among mother and child pairs aged 6 months of age in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa, conducted between January and August 2017. Among children, a large increase in the prevalence of stunting and obesity was seen between birth and 6 months of age increasing from 9.3% to 21.7% and 4.0% to 21.0%, respectively. 32.1% of the mothers were overweight [body mass index (BMI): 25.0–29.9] and 28.4% had obesity grade 1 (BMI: 30–<40). Although most mothers (93%; 563/605) initiated breastfeeding, the introduction of other foods started early with 17.6% (56/319) of the mothers having started giving other fluids or food to their child within the first month. At 6 months 70.6% (427/605) children were still breastfed and 23.5% were exclusively breastfed. In addition, we found that length measurements were done less frequently than weight measurements between birth and 6 months, on average 2.2 (SD: 1.3) versus 5.8 (SD: 1.5) times. Moreover, there is a need for improvement of health worker training and understanding regarding anthropometric measurements when assessing malnutrition in children in the clinics. Early detection and improved infant feeding practices are key in preventing both stunting and obesity in children.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleInfant feeding, growth monitoring and the double burden of malnutrition among children aged 6months and theirmothers in KwaZulu‐Natal, South Africaen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2021 The Authorsen_US
dc.source.journalMaternal & Child Nutritionen_US
dc.identifier.citationMaternal & Child Nutrition. 2022, 18 (1), e13288.en_US

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