The Perfect Matching Cut Problem Revisited
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionLecture Notes in Computer Science (LNCS). 2021, 12911, 182-194 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-86838-3_14
In a graph, a perfect matching cut is an edge cut that is a perfect matching. perfect matching cut (pmc) is the problem of deciding whether a given graph has a perfect matching cut, and is known to be NP -complete. We revisit the problem and show that pmc remains NP -complete when restricted to bipartite graphs of maximum degree 3 and arbitrarily large girth. Complementing this hardness result, we give two graph classes in which pmc is polynomial time solvable. The first one includes claw-free graphs and graphs without an induced path on five vertices, the second one properly contains all chordal graphs. Assuming the Exponential Time Hypothesis, we show there is no O∗(2o(n)) -time algorithm for pmc even when restricted to n-vertex bipartite graphs, and also show that pmc can be solved in O∗(1.2721n) time by means of an exact branching algorithm.