Polymorphisms in the TP53-MDM2-MDM4-axis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonGene. 2021, 793, 145747. 10.1016/j.gene.2021.145747
Background In addition to being a tumour suppressor, TP53 is a suppressor of inflammation, and dysfunction of this gene has been related to autoimmune diseases. Patients with autoimmunity, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have an increased risk of certain cancers, like lymphomas, indicating that some underlying mechanisms may modulate risk of both cancers and autoimmunity. Methods We genotyped 5 common genetic variants in TP53 and its main regulators MDM2 and MDM4 in a sample of 942 RA patients and 3,747 healthy controls, and mined previously published GWAS-data, to assess the potential impact of these variants on risk of RA. Results For the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism (rs1042522), MDM4 SNP34091 (rs4245739) and MDM2 SNP285C (rs117039649), we found no association to risk of RA. For MDM2 SNP309 (rs2279744), the minor G-allele was associated with a reduced risk of RA (OR: 0.87; CI: 0.79–0.97). This association was also seen in genotype models (OR: 0.86; CI: 0.74–0.99 and OR: 0.79; CI 0.63–0.99; dominant and recessive model, respectively), but was not validated in a large GWAS data set. For MDM2 del1518 (rs3730485), the minor del-allele was associated with an increased risk of RA in the dominant model (OR: 1.18; CI: 1.02–1.38). Stratifying RA cases and controls into phylogenetic subgroups according to the combined genotypes of all three MDM2 polymorphism, we found individuals with the del158-285–309 genotype del/ins-G/G-T/T to have an increased risk of RA as compared to those with the ins/ins-G/G-G/G genotype (OR: 1.56; CI: 1.18–2.06) indicating opposite effects of the del1518 del-allele and the SNP309 G-allele. Conclusion We find a potential association between the MDM2 del1518 variant and RA, and indications that combinatorial genotypes and haplotypes in the MDM2 locus may be related to RA.