Measurement of the production cross section of pairs of isolated photons in pp collisions at 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector
Aad, Georges; Abbott, Brad; Abbott, Dale C.; Abed Abud, Adam; Abeling, Kira; Abhayasinghe, Deshan Kavishka; Abidi, Syed Haider; Abramowicz, Halina; Abreu, Henso; Abulaiti, Yiming; Bjørke, Kristian; Bugge, Magnar Kopangen; Cameron, David Gordon; Catmore, James Richard; Garonne, Vincent; Gramstad, Eirik; Heggelund, Andreas; Hellesund, Simen; Håland, Even Simonsen; Morisbak, Vanja; Ould-Saada, Farid; Pedersen, Maiken; Read, Alexander Lincoln; Rye, Eli Bæverfjord; Røhne, Ole Myren; Sandaker, Heidi; Vadla, Knut Oddvar Høie; Buanes, Trygve; Djuvsland, Julia Isabell; Eigen, Gerald; Latour, Bertrand Pascal Christian; Lee, Graham Richard; Lipniacka, Anna; Stugu, Bjarne Sandvik; Fomin, Nikolai; Træet, Are Sivertsen; Abusleme Hoffman, Angel C.; Acharya, Bobby S.; Achkar, Baida; Adam, Lennart; Adam-Bourdarios, Claire; Adamczyk, Leszek; Adamek, Lukas; Addepalli, Sagar Vidya; Adelman, Jareed; Adigüzel, Aytül; Adorni, Sofia; Adye, Tim; Affolder, Anthony Allen; ATLAS, Collaboration
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of High Energy Physics (JHEP). 2021, 2021(11):169. 10.1007/JHEP11(2021)169
A measurement of prompt photon-pair production in proton-proton collisions at √s = 13 TeV is presented. The data were recorded by the ATLAS detector at the LHC with an integrated luminosity of 139 fb−1. Events with two photons in the well-instrumented region of the detector are selected. The photons are required to be isolated and have a transverse momentum of pT,γ1(2) > 40 (30) GeV for the leading (sub-leading) photon. The differential cross sections as functions of several observables for the diphoton system are measured and compared with theoretical predictions from state-of-the-art Monte Carlo and fixed-order calculations. The QCD predictions from next-to-next-to-leading-order calculations and multi-leg merged calculations are able to describe the measured integrated and differential cross sections within uncertainties, whereas lower-order calculations show significant deviations, demonstrating that higher-order perturbative QCD corrections are crucial for this process. The resummed predictions with parton showers additionally provide an excellent description of the low transverse-momentum regime of the diphoton system.