Light neutral meson production in heavy ion collisions with ALICE in the era of precision physics at the LHC
Sas, Mike; Mihaylov, D.L.; Adamová, D.; Adler, Alexander; Adolfsson, Jonatan; Aggarwal, Madan M.; Rinella, Gianluca Aglieri; Agnello, Michelangelo; Agrawal, Nikita; Ahammed, Zubayer; Alme, Johan; Altenkaemper, Lucas; Djuvsland, Øystein; Eikeland, Viljar Nilsen; Ersdal, Magnus Rentsch; Fionda, Fiorella Maria Celeste; Grøttvik, Ola Slettevoll; Lofnes, Ingrid Mckibben; Nystrand, Joakim Ingemar; Rehman, Attiq Ur; Tambave, Ganesh Jagannath; Ullaland, Kjetil; Wagner, Boris; Zhou, Zhuo; Arsene, Ionut Cristian; Dordic, Olja; Mahmood, Sohail Musa; Malik, Qasim Waheed; Neagu, Alexandra; Richter, Matthias; Røed, Ketil; Röhrich, Dieter Rudolf Christian; Skaali, Toralf Bernhard; Tveter, Trine Spedstad; Wikne, Jon Christopher; Helstrup, Håvard; Hetland, Kristin Fanebust; Kileng, Bjarte; Nesbø, Simon Voigt; Storetvedt, Maksim Melnik; Langøy, Rune; Lien, Jørgen André; Ahmad, Shafiq F.; Ahnak, Sang Un; Akindinov, Alexander; Al-Turany, Mohammed; Alam, S. N.; Albuquerque, D.S.D.; Aleksandrov, Dmitry; Alessandro, Bruno; ALICE Collaboration, *
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionNuclear Physics A. 2021, 1005, 121849. 10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2020.121849
The production of light neutral mesons in AA collisions probes the physics of the Quark-Gluon Plasma (QGP), which is formed in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC. More specifically, the centrality dependent neutral meson spectra in AA collisions compared to its spectra in minimum-bias pp collisions, scaled with the number of hard collisions, provides information on the energy loss of partons traversing the QGP. The measurement allows to test with high precision the predictions of theoretical model calculations. In addition, the decay of the π0 and η mesons are the dominant back- grounds for all direct photon measurements. Therefore, pushing the limits of the precision of neutral meson production is key to learning about the temperature and space-time evolution of the QGP. In the ALICE experiment neutral mesons can be detected via their decay into two photons. The latter can be reconstructed using the two calorimeters EMCal and PHOS or via conversions in the detector material. The excellent momentum resolution of the conversion photons down to very low pT and the high reconstruction efficiency and triggering capability of calorimeters at high pT, allow us to measure the pT dependent invariant yield of light neutral mesons over a wide kinematic range. Combining state-of-the-art reconstruction techniques with the high statistics delivered by the LHC in Run 2 gives us the opportunity to enhance the precision of our measurements. In these proceedings, new ALICE run 2 preliminary results for neutral meson production in pp and Pb–Pb collisions at LHC energies are presented.