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dc.contributor.authorBranduardi-Raymont, Graziella
dc.contributor.authorBerthomier, M
dc.contributor.authorBogdanova, Y. V.
dc.contributor.authorCarter, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorCollier, M
dc.contributor.authorDimmock, A
dc.contributor.authorDunlop, Malcolm
dc.contributor.authorFear, Robert C.
dc.contributor.authorForsyth, Colin
dc.contributor.authorHubert, Benoit
dc.contributor.authorKronberg, Elena A.
dc.contributor.authorLaundal, Karl Magnus
dc.contributor.authorLester, Mark
dc.contributor.authorOksavik, Kjellmar
dc.contributor.authorØstgaard, Nikolai
dc.contributor.authorPalmroth, Minna
dc.contributor.authorPlaschke, Ferdinand
dc.contributor.authorPorter, F.S.
dc.contributor.authorRae, I. Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorRead, Andy
dc.contributor.authorSamsonov, A. A.
dc.contributor.authorSembay, Steven
dc.contributor.authorShprits, Yuri
dc.contributor.authorSibeck, David G.
dc.contributor.authorWalsh, Brian
dc.contributor.authorYamauchi, M
dc.description.abstractHow does solar wind energy flow through the Earth’s magnetosphere, how is it converted and distributed? is the question we want to address. We need to understand how geomagnetic storms and substorms start and grow, not just as a matter of scientific curiosity, but to address a clear and pressing practical problem: space weather, which can influence the performance and reliability of our technological systems, in space and on the ground, and can endanger human life and health. Much knowledge has already been acquired over the past decades, particularly by making use of multiple spacecraft measuring conditions in situ, but the infant stage of space weather forecasting demonstrates that we still have a vast amount of learning to do. A novel global approach is now being taken by a number of space imaging missions which are under development and the first tantalising results of their exploration will be available in the next decade. In this White Paper, submitted to ESA in response to the Voyage 2050 Call, we propose the next step in the quest for a complete understanding of how the Sun controls the Earth’s plasma environment: a tomographic imaging approach comprising two spacecraft in highly inclined polar orbits, enabling global imaging of magnetopause and cusps in soft X-rays, of auroral regions in FUV, of plasmasphere and ring current in EUV and ENA (Energetic Neutral Atoms), alongside in situ measurements. Such a mission, encompassing the variety of physical processes determining the conditions of geospace, will be crucial on the way to achieving scientific closure on the question of solar-terrestrial interactions.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleExploring solar-terrestrial interactions via multiple imaging observersen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2021 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalExperimental astronomy (Print)en_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 223252en_US
dc.identifier.citationExperimental astronomy. 2021en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal