Glycated albumin in pregnancy: LC-MS/MS-based reference interval in healthy, nulliparous Scandinavian women and its diagnostic accuracy in gestational diabetes mellitus
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataShow full item record
Original versionScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. 2022, 82 (2), 123-131. 10.1080/00365513.2022.2033827
Glycated albumin (GA) may be a useful biomarker of glycemia in pregnancy. The aim of this study was to establish the reference interval (RI) for GA, analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), in healthy, nulliparous pregnant women. In addition, we assessed the accuracy of GA and glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in the diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Finally, we explored the prevalence of GDM in healthy nulliparas, comparing three diagnostic guidelines (WHO-1999, WHO-2013 and the Norwegian guideline). The study was carried out at Stavanger University Hospital, Norway, and included a study population of 147 pregnant nulliparous women. An oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed and used as the gold standard for GDM diagnosis. Blood samples for analysis of GA and HbA1c were collected at pregnancy week 24–28. A nonparametric approach was chosen for RI calculation, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of GA and HbA1c. The established RI for GA in 121 pregnant women was 7.1–11.6%. The area under the ROC curves (AUCs) were 0.531 (GA) and 0.627 (HbA1c). According to the WHO-1999, WHO-2013 and the Norwegian guideline, respectively, 24 (16%), 36 (24%) and 21 (14%) women were diagnosed with GDM. Only nine women (6%) fulfilled the GDM-criteria of all guidelines. In conclusion, we established the first LC-MS/MS-based RI for GA in pregnant women. At pregnancy weeks 24–28, neither GA nor HbA1c discriminated between those with and without GDM. Different women were diagnosed with GDM using the three guidelines.