Novel hybridization- and tag-based error-corrected method for sensitive ctDNA mutation detection using ion semiconductor sequencing
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionScientific Reports. 2022, 12, 5816. 10.1038/s41598-022-09698-5
Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis has emerged as a clinically useful tool for cancer diagnostics and treatment monitoring. However, ctDNA detection is complicated by low DNA concentrations and technical challenges. Here we describe our newly developed sensitive method for ctDNA detection on the Ion Torrent sequencing platform, which we call HYbridization- and Tag-based Error-Corrected sequencing (HYTEC-seq). This method combines hybridization-based capture with molecular tags, and the novel variant caller PlasmaMutationDetector2 to eliminate background errors. We describe the validation of HYTEC-seq using control samples with known mutations, demonstrating an analytical sensitivity down to 0.1% at > 99.99% specificity. Furthermore, to demonstrate the utility of this method in a clinical setting, we analyzed plasma samples from 44 patients with advanced pancreatic cancer, revealing mutations in 57% of the patients at allele frequencies as low as 0.23%.