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dc.contributor.authorUeland, Grethe Åstrøm
dc.contributor.authorErnes, Tony
dc.contributor.authorMadsen, Tone Vonheim
dc.contributor.authorHusebye, Eystein Sverre
dc.contributor.authorSandberg, Sverre
dc.contributor.authorLøvaas, Karianne Fjeld
dc.contributor.authorCooper, John
dc.description.abstractObjective To study the fear of Covid 19 infection among Norwegian patients with type 1 diabetes. Research design and methods Fear of Covid 19 scale, a validated scale assessing the fear of Covid 19, was sent electronically to 16255 patients with type 1 diabetes in May 2021. The items are rated on a scale from 1 to 5 (total scores from 7 to 35). The higher the score, the greater the fear. Results 10145 patients, 52% of the Norwegian adult type 1 diabetes population, completed the questionnaire. The mean total fear score was 13.8 (SD 5.8). Women experienced more fear than men (OR 1.96), and fear increased significantly with increasing age for both genders (p<0.05). Fear increased with increasing BMI, more pronounced for men than women. Fear was positively correlated to HbA1c (Spearman rho 0.067, p<0.05), and significantly increased in patients with micro- and macrovascular complications, compared with patients without complications (p<0.05). Smokers showed increased fear compared with non-smokers, (1.59 (1.39–1.81)), and non-European patients reported more fear than Europeans (OR of 2.02 (95% CI 1.55–2.63). Conclusion Assessment of fear of Covid 19 in the type 1 diabetes population in Norway revealed an overall low fear during the third wave of infection. Patients considered to be at high risk of serious disease, such as older individuals, smokers and obese individuals expressed more fear than low risk individuals. The degree of fear was also associated with sex, ethnicity, educational/working status, glycemic control and presence of complications.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleFear of Covid 19 during the third wave of infection in Norwegian patients with type 1 diabetesen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2022 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalPLOS ONEen_US
dc.identifier.citationPLOS ONE. 2022, 17 (7), e0272133.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal