Power dynamics and interprofessional collaboration: How do community pharmacists position general practitioners, and how do general practitioners position themselves?
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionJournal of Interprofessional Care. 2022. 10.1080/13561820.2022.2148637
Power differentials and medical dominance can negatively affect collaboration between physicians and pharmacists. Norway is recognized as having a relatively egalitarian work sector, which could affect power differentials. In this qualitative study, we used positioning theory as a framework to explore the aspect of power dynamics between Norwegian general practitioners (GPs) and community pharmacists. We used the concepts of reflexive and interactive positioning to identify how GPs positioned themselves and how they were positioned by pharmacists in six focus groups. Data were analyzed using systematic text condensation. We found positioning theory to be a useful lens through which to study power dynamics in relation to collaboration between community pharmacists and GPs. Our findings imply that the presence of medical dominance poses challenges even in an egalitarian Norwegian setting. However, although both GPs and pharmacists draw on a ‘medical dominance’ storyline, we have also identified how both pharmacists and GPs draw on alternative and promising storylines of collaboration between the two professions.