Nicotinamide riboside supplementation is not associated with altered methylation homeostasis in Parkinson's disease
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versioniScience. 2023, 26 (3), 106278. 10.1016/j.isci.2023.106278
Replenishing nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) via supplementation of nicotinamide riboside (NR) has been shown to confer neuroprotective effects in models of aging and neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s disease (PD). Although generally considered safe, concerns have been raised that NR supplementation could impact methylation dependent reactions, including DNA methylation, because of increased production and methylation dependent breakdown of nicotinamide (NAM). We investigated the effect of NR supplementation on DNA methylation in a double blinded, placebo-controlled trial of 29 human subjects with PD, in blood cells and muscle tissue. Our results show that NR had no impact on DNA methylation homeostasis, including individuals with common pathogenic mutations in the MTHFR gene known to affect one-carbon metabolism. Pathway and methylation variance analyses indicate that there might be minor regulatory responses to NR. We conclude that short-term therapy with high-dose NR for up to 30 days has no deleterious impact on methylation homeostasis.