Impact of aortic valve stenosis on myocardial deformation in different left ventricular levels: A three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography study
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEchocardiography. 2023, 40 (10), 1028-1039. 10.1111/echo.15668
Background: Global systolic left ventricular (LV) myocardial function progressively declines as degenerative aortic valve stenosis (AS) progresses. Whether this results in uniformly distributed deformation changes from base to apex has not been investigated. Methods: Eighty-five AS patients underwent three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography in this cross-sectional study. Patients were grouped by peak jet velocity into mild (n = 32), moderate (n = 31), and severe (n = 22) AS. 3D speckle tracking derived strain, rotation, twist, and torsion were obtained to assess global LV function and myocardial function at the apical, mid, and basal levels. Results: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was lower in patients with severe AS (-16.1 ± 2.4% in mild, -15.5 ± 2.5% in moderate, and -13.5 ± 3.0% in severe AS [all p < .01]). Peak basal and mid longitudinal strain (LS), basal rotation and twist from apical to basal level followed the same pattern, while peak apical LS was higher in moderate AS compared to severe AS (all p < .05). In multivariate analyses, lower GLS was particularly associated with male sex, higher body mass index and peak aortic jet velocity, lower basal LS with higher filling pressure (E/e’) and LV mass, lower mid LS with higher RWT and presence of AS symptoms, and lower apical LS with male sex and higher systolic blood pressure, respectively (all p < .05). Conclusion: Using 3D speckle tracking echocardiography reveals regional and global changes in LV mechanics in AS related to the severity of AS, LV remodeling and presence of cardiovascular risk factors.