Training of medical students in the use of emergency whole blood collection and transfusion in the framework of a civilian walking blood
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionTransfusion. 2023, 63 (S3), S60-S66. 10.1111/trf.17343
Introduction: In this report, we describe a training program in emergency whole blood collection and transfusion for medical students at the University of Bergen. The overall aim of the program is to improve the availability of early balanced blood transfusion for the treatment of patients with life-threatening bleeding in rural health care services. Study Design and Methods: The voluntary training program provides the knowledge needed to practice emergency whole blood transfusions and understand the system for emergency whole blood collection in the framework of a civilian walking blood bank (WBB). It includes theoretical and practical sessions. In-person teaching and web-based learning resources are provided. An anonymous survey of the students attending the training course in the autumn of 2022 and spring 2023 was performed. Results: 128 of 178 students participated in the practical training. 88 of 128 (69%) responded to the survey. 82 (93%) performed blood typing, 71 (81%) performed donor interviews, 61 (69%) partially performed whole blood collection (up to blood in bag) and 27 (30%) participated in complete whole blood collection and performed autologous reinfusion. No complications occurred during training. The students reported that the training course increased their understanding of how to ensure access to emergency blood transfusion by the use of a WBB. Discussion: Structured theoretical and practical training in emergency whole blood collection and emergency transfusion is feasible and of interest to medical students. A multidisciplinary approach to student training in emergency whole blood collection and transfusion should be considered.