Comparative effectiveness of Anti-IL5 and Anti-IgE biologic classes in patients with severe asthma eligible for both
Pfeffer, Paul E.; Ali, Nasloon; Murray, Ruth; Ulrik, Charlotte; Tran, Trung N.; Maspero, Jorge; Peters, Matthew; Christoff, George C.; Sadatsafavi, Mohsen; Torres-Duque, Carlos A.; Altraja, Alan; Lehtimäki, Lauri; Papadopoulos, Nikolaos G.; Salvi, Sundeep; Costello, Richard W.; Cushen, Breda; Heffler, Enrico; Iwanaga, Takashi; Al-Ahmad, Mona; Larenas-Linnemann, Désirée; Kuna, Piotr; Fonseca, João A; Al-Lehebi, Riyad; Rhee, Chin Kook; Perez-de-Llano, Luis; Perng Steve, Diahn-Warng; Mahboub, Bassam; Wang, Eileen; Goh, Celine; Lyu, Juntao; Newell, Anthony; Alacqua, Marianna; Belevskiy, Andrey S.; Bhutani, Mohit; Bjermer, Leif Hilding; Bjornsdottir, Unnur; Bourdin, Arnaud; Bulow, Anna von; Busby, John; Canonica, Giorgio Walter; Cosio, Borja G.; Dorscheid, Delbert R.; Muñoz-Esquerre, Mariana; FitzGerald, J. Mark; Gil, Esther Garcia; Gibson, Peter G.; Heaney, Liam G.; Hew, Mark; Hilberg, Ole; Hoyte, Flavia; Jackson, David J.; Koh, Mariko Siyue; Ko, Hsin-Kuo Bruce; Lee, Jae Ha; Lehmann, Sverre; Chaves Loureiro, Cláudia; Lúðvíksdóttir, Dóra; Menzies-Gow, Andrew N.; Mitchell, Patrick; Papaioannou, Andriana I.; Popov, Todor A.; Porsbjerg, Celeste M.; Salameh, Laila; Sirena, Concetta; Taillé, Camille; Taube, Christian; Tohda, Yuji; Wechsler, Michael E.; Price, David B.
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAllergy. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2023, 78 (7), 1934-1948. 10.1111/all.15711
Background: Patients with severe asthma may present with characteristics representing overlapping phenotypes, making them eligible for more than one class of biologic. Our aim was to describe the profile of adult patients with severe asthma eligible for both anti-IgE and anti-IL5/5R and to compare the effectiveness of both classes of treatment in real life. Methods: This was a prospective cohort study that included adult patients with severe asthma from 22 countries enrolled into the International Severe Asthma registry (ISAR) who were eligible for both anti-IgE and anti-IL5/5R. The effectiveness of anti-IgE and anti-IL5/5R was compared in a 1:1 matched cohort. Exacerbation rate was the primary effectiveness endpoint. Secondary endpoints included long-term-oral corticosteroid (LTOCS) use, asthma-related emergency room (ER) attendance, and hospital admissions. Results: In the matched analysis (n = 350/group), the mean annualized exacerbation rate decreased by 47.1% in the anti-IL5/5R group and 38.7% in the anti-IgE group. Patients treated with anti-IL5/5R were less likely to experience a future exacerbation (adjusted IRR 0.76; 95% CI 0.64, 0.89; p < 0.001) and experienced a greater reduction in mean LTOCS dose than those treated with anti-IgE (37.44% vs. 20.55% reduction; p = 0.023). There was some evidence to suggest that patients treated with anti-IL5/5R experienced fewer asthma-related hospitalizations (IRR 0.64; 95% CI 0.38, 1.08), but not ER visits (IRR 0.94, 95% CI 0.61, 1.43). Conclusions: In real life, both anti-IgE and anti-IL5/5R improve asthma outcomes in patients eligible for both biologic classes; however, anti-IL5/5R was superior in terms of reducing asthma exacerbations and LTOCS use.