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dc.contributor.authorBraaten, Anna Hauge
dc.contributor.authorJakob, Kim A.
dc.contributor.authorHo, Sze Ling
dc.contributor.authorFriedrich, Oliver
dc.contributor.authorGalaasen, Eirik Vinje
dc.contributor.authorDe Schepper, Stijn
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Paul
dc.contributor.authorMeckler, Anna Nele
dc.description.abstractThe Piacenzian stage (3.6–2.6 Ma) of the Pliocene is the most recent period where Earth experienced sustained intervals of global warmth analogous to predicted near-future climates. Despite considerable efforts to characterize and understand the climate dynamics of the Piacenzian, the deep ocean and its response to this warming remain poorly understood. Here we present new mid-Piacenzian Mg/Ca and Δ47 (“clumped isotope”) temperatures from the deep Pacific and North Atlantic oceans. These records cover the transition from Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) M2 – considered the most pronounced “glacial” stage of the Pliocene prior to the intensification of Northern Hemisphere glaciation – to the warm KM5 interglacial. We find that a large (> 4 ∘C) temperature gradient existed between these two basins throughout that interval, with the deep North Atlantic considerably warmer and likely saltier than at present. We interpret our results to indicate that the deep Pacific and North Atlantic oceans were bathed by water masses with very different physical properties during the mid-Piacenzian, and that only a limited deep oceanic exchange occurred between the two basins. Our results point to a fundamentally different mode of ocean circulation or mixing compared to the present, where heat and salt are distributed from the North Atlantic into the Pacific. The amplitude of cooling observed at both sites during MIS M2 suggests that changes in benthic δ18O associated with this cold stage were mostly driven by temperature change in the deep ocean rather than by ice volume.en_US
dc.publisherCopernicus Publicationsen_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleLimited exchange between the deep Pacific and Atlantic oceans during the warm mid-Pliocene and Marine Isotope Stage M2 “glaciation”en_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2023 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalClimate of the Pasten_US
dc.relation.projectERC-European Research Council: 638467en_US
dc.relation.projectBergens forskningsstiftelse: BFS2015REK01en_US
dc.relation.projectDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft: JA2803/2–1en_US
dc.relation.projectDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft: FR2544/6en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Marin geologi: 466en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Marine geology: 466en_US
dc.identifier.citationClimate of the Past. 2023, 19 (11), 2109–2125.en_US

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