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dc.contributor.authorNel, Turid Hillestad
dc.contributor.authorPeters, Carli
dc.contributor.authorRichter, Kristine K.
dc.contributor.authorHenshilwood, Christopher Stuart
dc.contributor.authorNiekerk, Karen Loise van
dc.contributor.authorDouka, Katerina
dc.description.abstractRemains of small mammals from archaeological sites are often used as palaeoenvironmental proxies in the reconstruction of past environments. Yet, identification of micromammals to species-level based on morphological traits is often difficult due to fragmentation of diagnostic skeletal elements. Here we test the potential of Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS) as a tool for the taxonomic identification of micromammal remains from Middle Stone Age (MSA) sequences in South Africa. ZooMS peptide markers are first established for 14 extant micromammal species present in the region. These novel peptide markers are then used to identify micromammal bone remains from the MSA levels of Klipdrift Shelter (c. 72–51 ka), De Hoop Nature Reserve, South Africa. Our study shows that collagen preservation in micromammal bones from MSA contexts is sufficient for successful ZooMS analysis. To our knowledge, these results represent the oldest material successfully analysed with ZooMS from an African context. The peptide markers developed as part of this study can be used to characterize a larger number of micromammal assemblages. This holds significant promise for the future application of ZooMS to prehistoric material in South Africa and elsewhere in the continent.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titlePeptide mass fingerprinting as a tool to assess micromammal biodiversity in Pleistocene South Africa: The case of Klipdrift Shelteren_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2023 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalQuaternary Science Reviewsen_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 262618en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Arkeologi: 090en_US
dc.subject.nsiVDP::Archaeology: 090en_US
dc.identifier.citationQuaternary Science Reviews. 2023, 322, 108380.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal