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dc.contributor.authorLessard, Marc R.
dc.contributor.authorDamsell, Alec
dc.contributor.authorSadler, F. Brent
dc.contributor.authorOksavik, Kjellmar
dc.contributor.authorClausen, Lasse
dc.description.abstractThis work addresses interhemispheric differences in cusp-related neutral density enhancements. The focus is on enhancements that are driven by Poleward Moving Auroral Forms (PMAF), which provide a repetitive sequence of soft electron precipitation to the ionosphere. Because the time-scales of the resultant electron heating, ion upflow and neutral upwelling range from a few seconds to tens of minutes, i.e., longer than the time required for the thermosphere to return to its relaxed state, each subsequent PMAF encounters different initial conditions. With this in mind, our study investigates the role of a dark versus daylight ionosphere, using 3 different scenarios. The first case compares this effect during solar minimum at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, an ideal location for observing cusp dynamics. The second case addresses solar maximum at Longyearbyen and the third case compares Longyearbyen to its magnetically conjugate Zhongshan Station in Antarctica. We conclude 1) for each of the 3 scenarios ion upflow speeds, neutral upwelling speeds and neutral density enhancements are all significantly greater in a dark ionosphere, by perhaps as much as a factor or 2 or 3, relative to a sunlit ionosphere, 2) that upflowing ions are the driver of neutral upwelling via ion-neutral collisions (momentum transfer), with fast-moving ions transferring upward momentum to slow-moving neutrals, and 3) the ratios of neutral upflow speeds to ion upflow speeds, vnSunlit/viSunlit is the order of 0.07 for all stations (at 800 km) in the first and second cases studied, but only 0.02 at Zhongshan in the 3rd case studied, a factor of ∼3 less than the other locations. This is thought to be due to an increased thermospheric density at Zhongshan, which essentially provides a greater total mass for the upflowing ions to lift.en_US
dc.rightsNavngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titleInterhemispheric asymmetries of neutral upwelling and ion upflowen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2023 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalFrontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciencesen_US
dc.relation.projectNorges forskningsråd: 223252en_US
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences. 2023, 10, 1151016.en_US

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Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Navngivelse 4.0 Internasjonal