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dc.contributor.authorInstanes, Johanne Telnesen_US
dc.contributor.authorKlungsøyr, Karien_US
dc.contributor.authorHalmøy, Anneen_US
dc.contributor.authorFasmer, Ole Bernten_US
dc.contributor.authorHaavik, Janen_US
dc.PublishedInstanes JT, Klungsøyr K, Halmøy A, Fasmer OB, Haavik J. Adult ADHD and Comorbid Somatic Disease: A Systematic Literature Review. Journal of Attention Disorders. 2016eng
dc.description.abstractObjective: To systematically review, synthesize, and appraise available evidence, connecting adult ADHD (aADHD) with somatic disease. Method: Embase, Psychinfo, and Medline databases were searched for studies published from 1994 to 2015 addressing aADHD and somatic comorbidity. Somatic conditions were classified according to International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes. Levels of evidence were graded as inconclusive, tentative, or well documented. Results: Most of the 126 studies included in the qualitative synthesis were small and of modest quality. Obesity, sleep disorders, and asthma were well-documented comorbidities in aADHD. Tentative evidence was found for an association between aADHD and migraine and celiac disease. In a large health registry study, cardiovascular disease was not associated with aADHD. Conclusion: There are few large systematic studies using standardized diagnostic criteria evaluating aADHD and somatic comorbidities. Significant associations are found between aADHD and several somatic diseases, and these are important to consider when assessing and treating either aADHD or the somatic diseases.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution CC BYeng
dc.subjectadult ADHDeng
dc.subjectsleep disorderseng
dc.titleAdult ADHD and Comorbid Somatic Disease: A Systematic Literature Reviewen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2016 The Author(s)
dc.source.journalJournal of Attention Disorders

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