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dc.contributor.authorSolberg, Berit Skrettingen_US
dc.contributor.authorHalmøy, Anneen_US
dc.contributor.authorEngeland, Andersen_US
dc.contributor.authorIgland, Jannickeen_US
dc.contributor.authorHaavik, Janen_US
dc.contributor.authorKlungsøyr, Karien_US
dc.PublishedSolberg BS, Halmøy A, Engeland A, Igland J, Haavik J, Klungsøyr K. Gender Differences in Psychiatric Comorbidity: Population-based study of 40,000 Adults with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. 2017eng
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: We aimed at determining whether gender modified associations between ADHD and psychiatric comorbidities in adults. METHOD: We identified adults with ADHD by linking Norwegian national registries and compared them with the remaining adult population (born 1967-1997, ADHD and bipolar during 2004-2015, other psychiatric disorders 2008-2015). Prevalence differences (PDs) and prevalence ratios (PRs) of psychiatric disorders were determined by Poisson regression. Interaction by gender was evaluated on additive (PDs) and multiplicative (PRs) scales. Proportions of psychiatric disorders attributable to ADHD were calculated. RESULTS: We identified 40 103 adults with ADHD (44% women) and 1 661 103 adults (49% women) in the remaining population. PDs associated with ADHD were significantly larger in women than in men for anxiety, depression, bipolar and personality disorders, for example depression in women: 24.4 (95% CI, 23.8-24.9) vs. in men: 13.1 (12.8-13.4). PDs were significantly larger in men for schizophrenia and substance use disorder (SUD), for example SUD in men: 23.0 (22.5-23.5) vs. in women: 13.7 (13.3-14.0). Between 5.6 and 16.5% of psychiatric disorders in the population were attributable to ADHD. CONCLUSION: The association between ADHD and psychiatric comorbidities differed significantly among men and women. Clinicians treating adults with ADHD should be aware of these frequent and gender-specific comorbidities, such that early treatment can be offered.en_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltdeng
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-NDeng
dc.subjectattention deficit hyperactivity disordereng
dc.subjectpsychiatric disorderseng
dc.titleGender Differences in Psychiatric Comorbidity: Population-based study of 40,000 Adults with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorderen_US
dc.typePeer reviewed
dc.typeJournal article
dc.rights.holderCopyright The Author(s) 2017
dc.source.journalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica

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