Short communication: Distribution of psychotropic drugs into lipoproteins
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Aim: The aim of this pilot study was to investigate whether psychotropic drugs frequently analyzed in a routine therapeutic drug monitoring laboratory bind to low-density lipoproteins/very-low-density lipoproteins (LDL/VLDL) in human serum. Methods: Drug concentrations in 20 serum sample pools containing one psychotropic drug each, and in the LDL/VLDL fractions extracted from the same samples, were measured by triple quadrupole liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. The membrane permeability of the drugs was measured using a Parallel Artificial Membrane Permeability Assay. Results: Of the 20 antidepressants, antipsychotics, and antiepileptics examined, 7 drugs were detected in both the pooled serum samples and in the LDL/VLDL fraction. Binding of drugs to LDL/VLDL significantly correlated with high octanol: water partition coefficient (logP), high degree of protein binding, and a low polar surface area. The drugs found in LDL/VLDL, with the exception of aripiprazole, were also characterized by high or intermediate membrane permeability. Conclusions: The present results indicate that psychotropic drugs with certain characteristics bind to LDL/VLDL in blood. This further implies that lipoproteins could play an important role in drug transport.
Under embargo until: 2020-12-01