Now showing items 835-854 of 903

    • The UN decade of ocean science for sustainable development 

      Ryabinin, Vladimir; Barbière, Julian; Haugan, Peter M.; Kullenberg, Gunnar; Smith, Neville; McLean, Craig; Troisi, Ariel; Fischer, Albert S.; Aricò, Salvatore; Aarup, Thorkild; Pissierssens, Peter; Visbeck, Martin; Enevoldsen, Henrik; Rigaud, Julie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-31)
      Our civilization needs a clean, resilient, productive, safe, well-observed, documented and predicted ocean. “The ocean we need for the future we want” was the motto of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission proposal ...
    • Uncertainties in Arctic sea ice thickness and volume: new estimates and implications for trends 

      Zygmuntowska, Marta; Rampal, Pierre; Ivanova, Natalia; Smedsrud, Lars Henrik (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-04-22)
      Sea ice volume has decreased in the last decades, evoked by changes in sea ice area and thickness. Estimates of sea ice area and thickness rely on a number of geophysical parameters which introduce large uncertainties. To ...
    • Uncertainty in twenty-first century projections of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation in CMIP3 and CMIP5 models 

      Reintges, Annika; Martin, Thomas; Latif, Mojib; Keenlyside, Noel (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-05-26)
      Uncertainty in the strength of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is analyzed in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 3 (CMIP3) and Phase 5 (CMIP5) projections for the twenty-first century; ...
    • Under-Ice Phytoplankton Blooms in the Central Arctic Ocean: Insights From the First Biogeochemical IAOOS Platform Drift in 2017 

      Boles, Elisabeth; Provost, Christine; Garçon, Veronique; Bertosio, Cécilia; Athanase, Marylou; Koenig, Zoé Charlotte; Sennéchael, Nathalie (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      In April 2017, the first Ice Atmosphere Arctic Ocean Observing System (IAOOS) platform equipped with biogeochemical sensors was deployed near the North Pole. Over the next 8 months it meandered southward with the ice, ...
    • Understanding of European Cold Extremes, Sudden Stratospheric Warming, and Siberian Snow Accumulation in the Winter of 2017/18 

      Lü, Zhuozhuo; Li, Fei; Orsolini, Yvan; Gao, Yongqi; He, Shengping (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      It is unclear whether the Eurasian snow plays a role in the tropospheric driving of sudden stratospheric warming (SSW). The major SSW event of February 2018 is analyzed using reanalysis datasets. Characterized by predominant ...
    • Understanding the dynamics of recent Norwegian extreme weather events and their influence on energy production 

      Pecnjak, Martin (Master thesis, 2021-08-05)
      The growing frequency and severity of extreme weather events in the Northern Hemisphere has prompted a lot of research being done on their origin and physical mechanisms. Both simplified and complex approaches have been ...
    • Understanding the role of organic matter cycling for the spatio-temporal structure of PCBs in the North Sea 

      Daewel, Ute; Yakushev, Evgeniy; Schrum, Corinna; Nizzetto, Luca; Mikheeva, Elena (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Using the North Sea as a case scenario, a combined three-dimensional hydrodynamic-biogeochemical-pollutant model was applied for simulating the seasonal variability of the distribution of hydrophobic chemical pollutants ...
    • Undersøkelse av reaksjonsmekanismer for OMEbrennstoff for bruk til implementering i 3D-CFD simulering av forbrenning 

      Hovden, Sindre Løver (Master thesis, 2019-06-28)
      Oxymetylene etere (OME) er brennstoff som brenner så og si uten utslipp av sot. Disse syntetisk skapte brennstoffene kan spille en viktig rolle i diesel miksen en dag, og kanskje til og med et surrogat for diesel. Brennstoffet ...
    • A uniform, quality controlled Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) 

      Pfeil, Benjamin; Olsen, Are; Bakker, D. C. E.; Hankin, S.; Koyuk, H.; Kozyr, A.; Malczyk, J.; Manke, A.; Metzl, N.; Sabine, C. L.; Akl, J.; Alin, S. R.; Bates, N.; Bellerby, Richard; Borges, A.; Boutin, J.; Brown, P. J.; Cai, W.-J.; Chavez, F. P.; Chen, A.; Cosca, C.; Fassbender, A.; Feely, R. A.; González-Dávila, M.; Goyet, C.; Hales, B.; Hardman-Mountford, N.; Heinze, Christoph; Hood, M.; Hoppema, M.; Hunt, C. W.; Hydes, D.; Ishii, M.; Johannessen, Truls; Jones, S. D.; Key, R. M.; Körtzinger, A.; Landschützer, P.; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Lefèvre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lourantou, A.; Merlivat, L.; Midorikawa, T.; Mintrop, L.; Miyazaki, C.; Murata, A.; Nakadate, A.; Nakano, Y.; Nakaoka, S.; Nojiri, Y.; Omar, Abdirahman; Padin, X. A.; Park, H.; Paterson, K.; Perez, F. F.; Pierrot, D.; Poisson, A.; Rios, A.F.; Santana-Casiano, J. M.; Salisbury, J.; Sarma, V. V. S. S.; Schlitzer, R.; Schneider, B.; Schuster, U.; Sieger, R.; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Steinhoff, T.; Suzuki, T.; Takahashi, T.; Tedesco, K.; Telszewski, M.; Thomas, H.; Tilbrook, B.; Tjiputra, Jerry; Vandemark, D.; Veness, T.; Wanninkhof, R.; Watson, A. J.; Weiss, R.; Wong, C.S.; Yoshikawa-Inoue, H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      A well-documented, publicly available, global data set of surface ocean carbon dioxide (CO2) parameters has been called for by international groups for nearly two decades. The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT) project was ...
    • Unravelling the March 1972 northwest Greenland windstorm with high-resolution numerical simulations 

      Tollinger, Mathias; Gohm, Alexander; Jonassen, Marius Opsanger (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-07)
      Thule Air Base in northwest Greenland experienced an extreme windstorm during the night of 8/9 March 1972. The event is not among official WMO records because the anemometer broke after recording the highest gust of 93 m s−1. ...
    • Unusual subduction zones: Case studies in Colombia and Iran 

      Zarifi, Zoya (Doctoral thesis, 2007-02-16)
      Subduction zones, usually, are plate boundaries with the highest level of seismic activity. However, the distribution of seismicity in these plate margins is not uniform in the frequency and magnitude. Some margins produce ...
    • An update to the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT version 2) 

      Bakker, Dorothee C.E.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Olsen, Are; Chierici, Melissa; Fransson, Agneta; Johannessen, Truls; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Tjiputra, Jerry (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-03-07)
      The Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT), an activity of the international marine carbon research community, provides access to synthesis and gridded fCO2 (fugacity of carbon dioxide) products for the surface oceans. Version 2 ...
    • An updated version of the global interior ocean biogeochemical data product, GLODAPv2.2020 

      Olsen, Are; Lange, Nico; Key, Robert M.; Tanhua, Toste; Bittig, Henry C.; Kozyr, Alexander; Alvarez, Marta; Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko; Becker, Susan; Brown, Peter; Carter, Brendan R; Da Cunha, Leticia Cotrim; Feely, Rickhard; van Heuven, Steven; Hoppema, Mario; Ishii, Masao; Jeansson, Emil; Jutterström, Sara; Landa, Camilla Stegen; Lauvset, Siv Kari; Michaelis, Patrick; Murata, Akihiko; Perez, F. Fiz; Pfeil, Gerrit Benjamin; Schirnick, Carsten; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Suzuki, Toru; Tilbrook, Bronte; Velo, Antón; Wanninkhof, Rik; Woosley, Ryan J. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      The Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a synthesis effort providing regular compilations of surface-to-bottom ocean biogeochemical data, with an emphasis on seawater inorganic carbon chemistry and related ...
    • Upper Ocean Response to Large Wind Farm Effect in the Presence of Surface Gravity Waves 

      Paskyabi, Mostafa Bakhoday; Fer, Ilker (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      The upper ocean response in the presence of a wind farm is studied numerically, taking into account the effect of surface gravity waves. The farm geometry is a simplified rigid rectangle with characteristic size of L aligned ...
    • Upstream sources of the Denmark Strait Overflow: Observations from a high-resolution mooring array 

      Harden, Benjamin E.; Pickart, Robert S.; Valdimarsson, Héðinn; Våge, Kjetil; de Steur, Laura; Richards, Clark; Bahr, Frank; Torres, Dan; Børve, Eli; Jónsson, Steingrímur; Macrander, Andreas; Østerhus, Svein; Håvik, Lisbeth; Hattermann, Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      We present the first results from a densely instrumented mooring array upstream of the Denmark Strait sill, extending from the Iceland shelfbreak to the Greenland shelf. The array was deployed from September 2011 to July ...
    • Utilizing Solar Vapour Energy by Use of Nanofluids in a Direct Absorption Solar Collector 

      Ulset, Edda Torsdottir (Master thesis, 2018-01)
      Traditional solar thermal collectors and photovoltaic (PV) systems suffer from low energy conversion efficiencies. This is mainly due to high thermal losses from overheated absorber plates or solar cells. For steam generation ...
    • Validation of boundary layer parameterization schemes in the Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) under the aspect of offshore wind energy applications - Part II: Boundary layer height and atmospheric stability 

      Krogsæter, Olav; Reuder, Joachim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07)
      Five different planetary boundary layer (PBL) schemes in the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model have been tested with respect to their capability to model boundary layer parameters relevant for offshore wind ...
    • Variability along the Atlantic water pathway in the forced Norwegian Earth System Model 

      Langehaug, Helene R.; Sandø, Anne Britt; Årthun, Marius; Ilicak, Mehmet (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-03-27)
      The growing attention on mechanisms that can provide predictability on interannual-to-decadal time scales, makes it necessary to identify how well climate models represent such mechanisms. In this study we use a high (0.25° ...
    • Variability and decadal trends in the Isfjorden (Svalbard) ocean climate and circulation – An indicator for climate change in the European Arctic 

      Skogseth, Ragnheid; Olivier, Léa L.A.; Nilsen, Frank; Falck, Eva; Fraser, Neil J.; Tverberg, Vigdis; Ledang, Anna Birgitta; Vader, Anna; Jonassen, Marius Opsanger; Søreide, Janne; Cottier, Finlo Robert; Berge, Jørgen; Ivanov, Boris V.; Falk-Petersen, Stig (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Isfjorden, a broad Arctic fjord in western Spitsbergen, has shown significant changes in hydrography and inflow of Atlantic Water (AW) the last decades that only recently have been observed in the Arctic Ocean north of ...