Now showing items 403-422 of 871

    • The link between eddy-driven jet variability and weather regimes in the North Atlantic-European sector 

      Madonna, Erica; Li, Camille; Grams, Christian M; Woollings, Tim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-10)
      This study reconciles two perspectives on wintertime atmospheric variability in the North Atlantic–European sector: the zonal‐mean framework comprising three preferred locations of the eddy‐driven jet (southern, central, ...
    • Linking Northern High-Latitude Cryospheric Changes to Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation 

      Knudsen, Erlend Moster (Doctoral thesis, 2015-03-20)
      Warming twice as fast as the rest of the globe, the northern high-latitudes arguably show the clearest evidences of observed and projected climate changes. Two of these are the rapid loss of Arctic sea ice and the shrinking ...
    • Local flow conditions in the Bergen valley based on observations and numerical simulations 

      Valved, Aslaug Skålevik (Master thesis, 2012-10-16)
      The complex topography and variability in surface roughness in the Bergen valley aff-ects the flow conditions in a multitude of ways. The steep mountains give shelter during strong synoptic flow, but the orography of Bergen ...
    • The Lofoten Basin Eddy: three years of evolution as observed by Seagliders 

      Yu, Lusha; Bosse, Anthony; Fer, Ilker; Orvik, Kjell Arild; Bruvik, Erik Magnus; Hessevik, Idar; Kvalsund, Karsten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-08)
      The Lofoten Basin in the Norwegian Sea is an area where the warm Atlantic Water is subject to the greatest heat losses anywhere in the Nordic Seas. A long-lived, deep, anticyclonic eddy is located in the central part of ...
    • Lofoten eddies observed by Seagliders 

      Løvseth, Hauk Morten (Master thesis, 2018-11-22)
      When the Norwegian Atlantic Current passes the Lofoten Basin, it loses a large amount of mass and heat to mesoscale eddies as a result of instabilities of the mean current along the Norwegian Slope. The eddies subsequently ...
    • Long-term intercomparison of two pCO2 instruments based on ship-of-opportunity measurements in a dynamic shelf sea environment 

      Macovei, Vlad A.; Voynova, Yoana G.; Becker, Meike; Triest, Jack; Petersen, Wilhelm (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      The partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) in surface seawater is an important biogeochemical variable because, together with the pCO2 in the atmosphere, it determines the direction of air–sea carbon dioxide exchange. ...
    • Long-Term Retrospective Analysis of Mackerel Spawning in the North Sea: A New Time Series and Modeling Approach to CPR Data 

      Jansen, Teunis; Kristensen, Kasper; Payne, Mark; Edwards, Martin; Schrum, Corinna; Pitois, Sophie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-06-21)
      We present a unique view of mackerel (Scomber scombrus) in the North Sea based on a new time series of larvae caught by the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey from 1948-2005, covering the period both before and after ...
    • Long-Term Statistics of Observed Bubble Depth Versus Modeled Wave Dissipation 

      Strand, Kjersti Opstad; Breivik, Øyvind; Pedersen, Geir; Vikebø, Frode Bendiksen; Sundby, Svein; Christensen, Kai Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Air bubble penetration depths are investigated with a bottom‐mounted echosounder at a seabed observatory in northern Norway. We compare a 1‐year time series of observed bubble depth against modeled and estimated turbulent ...
    • Long-term surface pCO2 trends from observations and models 

      Tjiputra, Jerry; Olsen, Are; Bopp, Laurent; Lenton, Andrew; Pfeil, Benjamin; Roy, Tilla; Segschneider, Joachim; Totterdell, Ian; Heinze, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05-19)
      We estimate regional long-term surface ocean pCO2 growth rates using all available underway and bottled biogeochemistry data collected over the past four decades. These observed regional trends are compared with those ...
    • Long-term trends in surface ocean pH in the North Atlantic 

      Lauvset, Siv Kari; Gruber, Nicolas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05)
      Presently available direct pH measurements do not have a sufficient data density in space or time in order to determine long-term trends across wider geographic regions, limiting our ability to assess the magnitude and ...
    • Long-term variability of dust events in Iceland (1949-2011) 

      Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla; Arnalds, Olafur; Ólafsson, Haraldur (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-12-16)
      The long-term frequency of atmospheric dust observations was investigated for the southern part of Iceland and interpreted together with earlier results obtained from northeastern (NE) Iceland (Dagsson-Waldhauserova et ...
    • Loop current variability as trigger of coherent gulf stream transport anomalies 

      Hirschi, Joël J.-M.; Frajka-Williams, Eleanor; Blaker, Adam T; Sinha, Bablu; Coward, Andrew; Hyder, Pat; Biastoch, Arne; Böning, Claus; Barnier, Bernard; Penduff, Thierry; Garcia, Ixetl; Fransner, Filippa; Madec, Gurvan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Satellite observations and output from a high-resolution ocean model are used to investigate how the Loop Current in the Gulf of Mexico affects the Gulf Stream transport through the Florida Straits. We find that the expansion ...
    • Loss of sea ice during winter north of Svalbard 

      Onarheim, Ingrid Husøy; Smedsrud, Lars Henrik; Ingvaldsen, Randi; Nilsen, Frank (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-06-05)
      Sea ice loss in the Arctic Ocean has up to now been strongest during summer. In contrast, the sea ice concentration north of Svalbard has experienced a larger decline during winter since 1979. The trend in winter ice area ...
    • Low Level Jet Streams at the Sea Ice Edge - Numerical Simulations using WRF 

      Keiderling, Stefan (Master thesis, 2013-06-03)
      The goal of the presented thesis is to investigate the formation of low level jets at the sea ice edge. Differential heating creates very sharp fronts at the ice edge. A transversal circulation, initiated by altered pressure ...
    • Low Level Jets over the Southern North Sea 

      Wagner, David; Steinfeld, Gerald; Witha, Björn; Wurps, Hauke; Reuder, Joachim (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-12-02)
      An extensive analysis of Low Level Jets (LLJs) over the Southern North Sea is presented. The study is based on observational data from a wind LiDAR and a passive microwave radiometer, operated from May 2015 to October 2016 ...
    • A low-cost autonomous rover for polar science 

      Hoffman, Andrew; Christian Steen-Larsen, Hans; Christianson, Knut; Hvidberg, Christine (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-11)
      We present the developmental considerations, design, and deployment of an autonomous modular terrestrial rover for ice-sheet exploration that is inexpensive, easy to construct, and allows for instrumentation customization. ...
    • The Madden-Julian Oscillation in a warmer world 

      Chang, Chiung-Wen June; Tseng, Wan-Ling; Huang-Hsiung, Hsu; Keenlyside, Noel; Tsuang, Ben-Jei (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07)
      Global warming's impact on the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) is assessed using one of the few models capable in reproducing its key features. In a warmer climate predicted for the end of the century, the MJO increases ...
    • Magnitude and Origin of the Anthropogenic CO2 Increase and the 13C Suess Effect in the Nordic Seas since 1981 

      Olsen, Are; Abdirahman, Omar M.; Bellerby, Richard G. J.; Johannessen, Truls; Ninnemann, Ulysses Silas; Brown, Kelly R.; Olsson, K. Anders; Olafsson, Jon; Nondal, Gisle; Kivimäe, Caroline; Kringstad, Solveig; Neill, Craig; Olafsdottir, Solveig (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-09-29)
      This study evaluates the anthropogenic changes of CO2 (∆Cant) and δ13C (∆δ13Cant) in the Nordic seas, the northern limb of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation, that took place between 1981 and 2002/03. The ...
    • Mapping the fugacity of CO2 in the Nordic Seas and the northern North Atlantic Ocean 

      Kvæstad, Elise (Master thesis, 2013-12-20)
      Self organizing maps (SOMs) have been used to estimate seawater fugacity of CO2 (fCO2) distribution in the Nordic Seas and the northern North Atlantic Ocean for 2005-2007. Four maps were produced for each region using ...
    • Marine Wind and Wave Height Trends at Different ERA-Interim Forecast Ranges 

      Aarnes, Ole Johan; Abdalla, Saleh; Bidlot, Jean-Raymond; Breivik, Øyvind (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-01-15)
      Trends in marine wind speed and significant wave height are investigated using the global reanalysis ERA-Interim over the period 1979–2012, based on monthly-mean and monthly-maximum data. Besides the traditional reanalysis, ...