Strength of side-to-side and step-cut repairs in tendon transfers: biomechanical testing of porcine flexor tendons
Journal article, Peer reviewed
MetadataVis full innførsel
OriginalversjonJournal of Hand Surgery (European Volume). 2020, 45(10): 1061-1065 10.1177/1753193420939068
The aim of the study was to compare side-to-side with step-cut repairs to determine how much of the width it is possible to remove and still keep the repair strong enough to start active mobilization. Porcine flexor tendons were used to create side-to-side, one-third step-cut and half step-cut repairs. There were 15 repairs in each group. The tensile properties of the constructs were measured in a biomechanical testing machine. All repairs failed by the sutures splitting the tendon longitudinally. The maximum load and stiffness were highest in the side-to-side group. Our findings suggest that the half step-cut repair can withstand the forces exerted during active unrestricted movement of the digits in tendons of this size. The advantage of the step-cut repair is reduced bulkiness and less friction, which might compensate for the difference in strength.