Variation between general practitioners in type 2 diabetes processes of care
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionPrimary Care Diabetes. 2021, 15(3), 495-501 10.1016/j.pcd.2020.11.018
Aims To explore variation in general practitioners’ (GPs’) performance of six recommended procedures in type 2 diabetes patients <75 years without cardiovascular disease. Methods Cross-sectional study of quality of diabetes care in Norway based on electronic health records from 2014. GPs (clustered in practices) were divided in quintiles based on a composite measure of performance of six processes of care. We fitted a multilevel partial ordinal regression model to identify GP factors associated with being in quintiles with better performance. Results We identified 6015 type 2 diabetes patients from 275 GPs in 77 practices. The GPs performed on average 63.4% of the procedures; on average 46% in the poorest quintile to 81% in the best quintile with a larger range in individual GPs. After adjustments, use of a structured follow-up form was associated with GPs being in upper three quintiles (OR 12.4 (95% CI 2.37–65.1). Routines for reminders were associated with being in a better quintile (OR 2.6 (1.37–4.92). GPs’ age >60 years and heavier workload were associated with poorer performance. Conclusion We found large variations in GPs’ performance of processes of care. Factors reflecting structure and workload were strongly associated with performance.