A calcium zirconate based combined material for calcium-copper chemical looping technology
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. 2020, 95, 102953 10.1016/j.ijggc.2019.102953
Combined calcium-copper materials based on calcium zirconate (CaO/CuO/CaZrO3) for Calcium-Copper Chemical Looping (Ca-Cu Looping) have been synthesized using a scalable wet chemical method and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) with Rietveld refinement, temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR) and oxidation (O2-TPO), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) and 45–50 cycles in a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA) representing realistic Ca-Cu Looping conditions. A material at 50 wt% active CuO loading and a CuO/CaO weight ratio of 2 deactivated due to copper migration and agglomeration, while materials with 40 wt% active CuO loading were stable throughout TGA cycles at CuO/CaO ratios of 2 and 10. 40 wt% CuO loaded combined CaO/CuO/CaZrO3 materials are promising candidates for Ca-Cu Looping with a demonstrated tuneable and stable CuO/CaO ratio (≥ 2 [wt/wt]) that could lead to process intensification. The maximum CuO loading for the investigated materials is likely found in the range of [40, 50) wt%, subject to the constraints of Ca-Cu Looping relevant CuO/CaO ratios (≥ 2 [wt/wt]) and the performed TGA testing.
Under embargo until: 2022-01-10