The relationship between Fibroblast Growth Factor 23 (FGF23) and cardiac MRI findings following primary PCI in patients with acute first time STEMI
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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OriginalversjonIJC Heart and Vasculature. 2021, 33, 100727. 10.1016/j.ijcha.2021.100727
Background Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a regulator of mineral metabolism, that has been linked to myocardial remodeling including development of left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and myocardial fibrosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between intact FGF23 (iFGF23), myocardial infarct size and LV remodeling following a first acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods and results Forty-two consecutive patients with first-time STEMI, single vessel disease, successfully treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging was performed at day 2, 1 week, 2 months and 1 year post MI, and blood samples were drawn at admittance and at the same time points as the CMRs. The cohort was divided according to the presence or not of heart failure post MI. In the total cohort, iFGF23 (mean ± SD) was significantly lower at day 0 (33.7 ± 20.6 pg/ml) and day 2 (31.5 ± 23.4 pg/ml) compared with a reference interval based on 8 healthy adults (43.9 pg/ml ± 19.0 pg/ml). iFGF23 increased to normal levels (55.8 ± 23.4 pg/ml) seven days post MI. In the subset of patients with signs of acute heart failure, FGF23 was higher at all measured timepoints, reaching significantly higher FGF23 levels at 2 months and 1 year following revascularization. Conclusion There was a reduction in iFGF23 levels during the acute phase of MI, with a normalization at seven days following revascularization. During one-year follow-up, there was a gradual increase in iFGF23 levels in patients with heart failure.