Do parental stimulation practices modify the effect of child’s health status on early developmental risk? Findings from a hospitalized cohort
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionEarly Child Development and Care, 2021. 10.1080/03004430.2021.1964492
The current study conducted in Pakistan aimed to test if parental stimulation practices modify the effect of general child health status on early developmental risks in hospitalized children. Development was assessed using the Survey of Well-being of Young Children. Child health status was a global rating on a Likert scale. Parental engagement was categorized based on the number of activities with their children (low ≤ 3, high > 3). A total of 231 children were assessed. Children with poor health status were reported to be 1.9 (95% Confidence Intervals [CI] 1.4–2.8, p = 0.000) times at risk of developmental delay by parents who had lower engagement and about 3 times (3.63 for mothers CI 1.79–7.37, p = 0.003; 2.96 for fathers CI 1.17–7.49, p = 0.027) significantly at risk of behaviour–emotional concerns by parents with higher engagement. The authors conclude that parental engagement and developmental screening can be incorporated as part of in-patient paediatric assessment.