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dc.contributor.authorDempsey, Paddy C.
dc.contributor.authorAadland, Eivind
dc.contributor.authorStrain, Tessa
dc.contributor.authorKvalheim, Olav Martin
dc.contributor.authorWestgate, Kate
dc.contributor.authorLindsay, Tim
dc.contributor.authorKhaw, Kay-Tee
dc.contributor.authorWareham, Nicholas J.
dc.contributor.authorBrage, Søren Karl
dc.contributor.authorWijndaele, Katrien
dc.description.abstractAccelerometers provide detailed data about physical activity (PA) across the full intensity spectrum. However, when examining associations with health, results are often aggregated to only a few summary measures [e.g. time spent “sedentary” or “moderate-to-vigorous” intensity PA]. Using multivariate pattern analysis, which can handle collinear exposure variables, we examined associations between the full PA intensity spectrum and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) in a population-based sample of middle-aged to older adults. Participants (n = 3660; mean ± SD age = 69 ± 8y and BMI = 26.7 ± 4.2 kg/m2; 55% female) from the EPIC-Norfolk study (UK) with valid accelerometry (ActiGraph-GT1M) data were included. We used multivariate pattern analysis with partial least squares regression to examine cross-sectional multivariate associations (r) across the full PA intensity spectrum [minutes/day at 0–5000 counts-per-minute (cpm); 5 s epoch] with a continuous CMR score (reflecting waist, blood pressure, lipid, and glucose metabolism). Models were sex-stratified and adjusted for potential confounders. There was a positive (detrimental) association between PA and CMR at 0-12 cpm (maximally-adjusted r = 0.08 (95%CI 0.06–0.10). PA was negatively (favourably) associated with CMR at all intensities above 13 cpm ranging between r = −0.09 (0.07–0.12) at 800-999 cpm and r = −0.14 (0.11–0.16) at 75–99 and 4000-4999 cpm. The strongest favourable associations were from 50 to 800 cpm (r = 0.10–0.12) in men, but from ≥2500 cpm (r = 0.18–0.20) in women; with higher proportions of model explained variance for women (R2 = 7.4% vs. 2.3%). Most of the PA intensity spectrum was beneficially associated with CMR in middle-aged to older adults, even at intensities lower than what has traditionally been considered “sedentary” or “light-intensity” activity. This supports encouragement of PA at almost any intensity in this age-group.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Internasjonal*
dc.titlePhysical activity intensity profiles associated with cardiometabolic risk in middle-aged to older men and womenen_US
dc.typeJournal articleen_US
dc.typePeer revieweden_US
dc.rights.holderCopyright 2022 The Author(s)en_US
dc.source.journalPreventive Medicineen_US
dc.identifier.citationPreventive Medicine. 2022, 156, 106977.en_US

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