A novel poly-oxygenated flavone glucoside from aerial parts of the Brazilian plant Neoglaziovia variegata (Bromeliaceae)
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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- Department of Chemistry 
Neoglaziovia variegata is endemic to northeastern Brazil. The drought resistant plant produces edible fruits and is used as a fibre plant by rural communities in the Caatinga region where a variety of products are made from the white, soft and flexible fibres. Extracts of N. variegata have been reported to be of low toxicity and to exhibit antinociceptive effect, photoprotective potential, antioxidant effect, gastroprotective effects and antibacterial effect against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, however, the chemical constituents of this species are mainly unknown. The novel poly-oxygenated flavone glucoside 5,6,7,4’-tetrahydroxy-3’,5’-dimethoxy-flavone 7-O-b-glucopyranoside in addition to the rare poly-oxygenated flavone 5,4’-dihydroxy-6,7,3’-trimethoxyflavone 4’- O-b-glucopyranoside and the flavonol quercetin 3-O-(6’’-rhamnopyranosyl-bglucopyranoside) have been characterised from the leaves of N. variegata. 5,6,7,4’-tetrahydroxy-3’,5’-dimethoxy-flavone, which comprises the core structure of the novel compound, is a new flavonoid aglycone in nature. The structure determinations were based on extensive use of 2D NMR spectroscopic techniques and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Both substances exhibited toxicity towards MOLM-13 acute myeloid leukaemia cells.