• “I feel good when I drink”—detecting childhood-onset alcohol abuse and dependence in a Ugandan community trial cohort 

      Engebretsen, Ingunn Marie S.; Nalugya, Joyce; Skylstad, Vilde; Ndeezi, Grace; Akol, Angela; Babirye, Juliet Ndimwibo; Nankabirwa, Victoria; Tumwine, James K (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background Alcohol, substance use, and mental health disorders constitute major public health issues worldwide, including in low income and lower middle-income countries, and early initiation of use is an important predictor ...
    • “I smile, but Without Showing My Teeth”: The Lived Experience of Cleft, Lip, and Palate in Adults 

      Moi, Asgjerd Litleré; Gjengedal, Harald; Lybak, Kari; Vindenes, Hallvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objective: To explore and describe the experience of growing up with unilateral cleft lip and palate (CLP) in adults. Design: Face-to-face interviews. Giorgi’s phenomenological method was used for analysis. Parti ...
    • ‘I try not to bother the residents too much’ – the use of capillary blood glucose measurements in nursing homes 

      Andreassen, Lillan Mo; Granas, Anne G; Sølvik, Una Ørvik; Kjome, Reidun Lisbet Skeide (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-02-04)
      Background Capillary blood glucose measurements are regularly used for nursing home residents with diabetes. The usefulness of these measurements relies on clear indications for use, correct measurement techniques, proper ...
    • Ibuprofen versus mecillinam for uncomplicated cystitis - a randomized controlled trial study protocol 

      Vik, Ingvild; Bollestad, Marianne; Grude, Nils; Bærheim, Anders; Mölstad, Sigvard; Bjerrum, Lars; Lindbæk, Morten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-12-17)
      Background: Although uncomplicated cystitis is often self-limiting, most such patients will be prescribed antibiotic treatment. We are investigating whether treatment of cystitis with an NSAID is as effective as an antibiotic ...
    • The ideal of equal health revisited: definitions and measures of inequity in health should be better integrated with theories of distributive justice 

      Norheim, Ole Frithjof; Asada, Yukiko (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009-11-18)
      The past decade witnessed great progress in research on health inequities. The most widely cited definition of health inequity is, arguably, the one proposed by Whitehead and Dahlgren: "Health inequalities that are avoidable, ...
    • Identification and molecular characterization of a new ovarian cancer susceptibility locus at 17q21.31 

      Permuth-Wey, Jennifer; Lawrenson, K; Shen, HC; Velkova, A; Tyrer, JP; Chen, ZH; Lin, HY; Chen, YA; Tsai, YY; Qu, XT; Ramus, SJ; Karevan, R; Lee, J; Lee, N; Larson, MC; Aben, KK; Anton-Culver, H; Antonenkova, N; Antoniou, AC; Armasu, SM; Bacot, F; Baglietto, L; Bandera, EV; Barnholtz-Sloan, J; Beckmann, MW; Birrer, MJ; Bloom, G; Bogdanova, N; Brinton, LA; Brooks-Wilson, A; Brown, R; Butzow, R; Cai, QY; Campbell, I; Chang-Claude, J; Chanock, S; Chenevix-Trench, G; Cheng, JQ; Cicek, MS; Coetzee, GA; Cook, LS; Couch, FJ; Cramer, DW; Cunningham, JM; Dansonka-Mieszkowska, A; Despierre, E; Doherty, JA; Dork, T; du Bois, A; Durst, M; Easton, DF; Eccles, D; Edwards, R; Ekici, AB; Fasching, PA; Fenstermacher, DA; Flanagan, JM; Garcia-Closas, M; Gentry-Maharaj, A; Giles, GG; Glasspool, RM; Gonzalez-Bosquet, J; Goodman, MT; Gore, M; Gorski, B; Gronwald, J; Hall, P; Halle, Mari Kyllesø; Harter, P; Heitz, F; Hillemanns, P; Hoatlin, M; Hogdall, CK; Hogdall, E; Hosono, S; Jakubowska, A; Jensen, A; Jim, H; Kalli, KR; Karlan, BY; Kaye, SB; Kelemen, LE; Kiemeney, LA; Kikkawa, F; Konecny, GE; Krakstad, Camilla; Kjaer, SK; Kupryjanczyk, J; Lambrechts, D; Lambrechts, S; Lancaster, JM; Le, ND; Leminen, A; Levine, DA; Liang, D; Lim, BK; Lin, J; Lissowska, J; Lu, KH; Lubinski, J; Lurie, G; Massuger, LFAG; Matsuo, K; McGuire, V; McLaughlin, JR; Menon, U; Modugno, F; Moysich, KB; Nakanishi, T; Narod, SA; Nedergaard, L; Ness, RB; Nevanlinna, H; Nickels, S; Noushmehr, H; Odunsi, K; Olson, SH; Orlow, I; Paul, J; Pearce, CL; Pejovic, T; Pelttari, LM; Pike, MC; Poole, EM; Raska, P; Renner, SP; Risch, HA; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, L; Rossing, MA; Rudolph, A; Runnebaum, IB; Rzepecka, IK; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Schwaab, I; Severi, G; Shridhar, V; Shu, XO; Shvetsov, YB; Sieh, W; Song, HL; Southey, MC; Spiewankiewicz, B; Stram, D; Sutphen, R; Teo, SH; Terry, KL; Tessier, DC; Thompson, PJ; Tworoger, SS; van Altena, AM; Vergote, I; Vierkant, RA; Vincent, D; Vitonis, AF; Wang-Gohrke, S; Weber, RP; Wentzensen, N; Whittemore, AS; Wik, Elisabeth; Wilkens, LR; Winterhoff, B; Woo, YL; Wu, AH; Xiang, YB; Yang, HP; Zheng, W; Ziogas, A; Zulkifli, F; Phelan, CM; Iversen, E; Schildkraut, JM; Berchuck, A; Fridley, BL; Goode, EL; Pharoah, PDP; Monteiro, ANA; Sellers, TA; Gayther, SA (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-03-27)
      Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has a heritable component that remains to be fully characterized. Most identified common susceptibility variants lie in non-protein-coding sequences. We hypothesized that variants in the 3′ ...
    • Identification of a potential allosteric site of Golgi α-mannosidase II using computer-aided drug design 

      Irsheid, Lina; Wehler, Thomas; Borek, Christoph; Kiefer, Werner; Brenk, Ruth; Ortiz-Soto, Maria Elena; Seibel, Jurgen; Schirmeister, Tanja (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-08)
      Golgi α-mannosidase II (GMII) is a glycoside hydrolase playing a crucial role in the N-glycosylation pathway. In various tumour cell lines, the distribution of N-linked sugars on the cell surface is modified and correlates ...
    • Identification of diarrheagenic Escherichia coli isolated from infants and children in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

      Moyo, Sabrina John; Maselle, Samwel Y.; Matee, Mecky I.; Langeland, Nina; Mylvaganam, Haima (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2007-08-09)
      Background: Relatively few studies have been done in Tanzania to detect and classify diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) strains among children with diarrhea. This study aimed at investigating DEC among children in Dar ...
    • Identification of DNA methylation changes in newborns related to maternal smoking during pregnancy 

      Markunas, Christina A; Xu, Zongli; Harlid, Sophia; Wade, Paul A.; Lie, Rolv Terje; Taylor, Jack A.; Wilcox, Allen James (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-10-01)
      Background: Maternal smoking during pregnancy is associated with significant infant morbidity and mortality, and may influence later disease risk. One mechanism by which smoking (and other environmental factors) might have ...
    • Identification of Dynamic Changes in Proteins Associated with the Cellular Cytoskeleton after Exposure to Okadaic Acid 

      Opsahl, Jill Anette; Ljostveit, Sonja; Saunders, Threrese Solstad; Risa, Kristin; Roepstorff, Peter; Fladmark, Kari Espolin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Exposure of cells to the diarrhetic shellfish poison, okadaic acid, leads to a dramatic reorganization of cytoskeletal architecture and loss of cell-cell contact. When cells are exposed to high concentrations of okadaic ...
    • Identification of gait domains and key gait variables following hip fracture 

      Thingstad, Pernille; Egerton, Thorlene; Ihlen, Espen F; Taraldsen, Kristin; Moe-Nilssen, Rolf; Helbostad, Jorunn L (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-11-18)
      Background Restoration of gait is an important goal of rehabilitation after hip fracture. Numerous spatial and temporal gait variables have been reported in the literature, but beyond gait speed, there is little agreement ...
    • Identification of Genetic Loci Shared Between Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder, Intelligence, and Educational Attainment 

      O`Connell, Kevin; Shadrin, Alexey A.; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bahrami, Shahram; Frei, Oleksandr; Bettella, Francesco; Krull, Florian; Fan, Chun C.; Askeland, Ragna Bugge; Knudsen, Gun Peggy Strømstad; Halmøy, Anne; Steen, Nils Eiel; Ueland, Torill; Walters, Bragi; Davíðsdóttir, Katrín; Haraldsdóttir, Gyda S.; Guðmundsson, Ólafur; Stefansson, Hreinn; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Haavik, Jan; Dale, Anders M.; Stefánsson, Kári; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that is consistently associated with lower levels of educational attainment. A recent large genome-wide association study identified ...
    • Identification of genetic loci shared between schizophrenia and the Big Five personality traits 

      Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Wang, Yunpeng; Lo, Min-Tzu; Li, Wen; Frei, Oleksandr; Witoelar, Aree; Tesli, Martin Steen; Hinds, David A.; Tung, Joyce Y.; Djurovic, Srdjan; Chen, Chi-Hua; Dale, Anders; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-05-22)
      Schizophrenia is associated with differences in personality traits, and recent studies suggest that personality traits and schizophrenia share a genetic basis. Here we aimed to identify specific genetic loci shared between ...
    • Identification of genetic overlap and novel risk loci for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and bipolar disorder 

      O`Connell, Kevin; Shadrin, Alexey A.; Bahrami, Shahram; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Bettella, Francesco; Frei, Oleksandr; Krull, Florian; Askeland, Ragna Bugge; Walters, Bragi; Davíðsdóttir, Katrín; Haraldsdóttir, Gyða; Guðmundsson, Ólafur; Stefánsson, Hreinn; Fan, Chun C.; Steen, Nils Eiel; Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ted; Dale, Anders; Stefánsson, Kári; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Differential diagnosis between childhood onset attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and bipolar disorder (BD) remains a challenge, mainly due to overlapping symptoms and high rates of comorbidity. Despite this, ...
    • Identification of immune-related genes contributing to the development of glioblastoma using weighted gene co-expression network analysis. 

      Kong, Yang; Feng, Zichao; Zhang, Yulin; Liu, Xiaofei; Ma, Yuan; Zhao, Zhimin; Huang, Bin; Chen, An-Jing; Zhang, Di; Thorsen, Frits; Wang, Jian; Yang, Ning; Li, Xingang (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background: The tumor microenvironment (TME) of human glioblastoma (GBM) exhibits considerable immune cell infiltration, and such cell types have been shown to be widely involved in the development of GBM. Here, weighted ...
    • Identification of inhibitors of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 

      Berg, Rikke Landsvik (Master thesis, 2014-05-20)
      Background: In this study we use molecular docking to find compounds that interact with the enzyme tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH), followed by experimental validation. TPH is a tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) dependent enzyme that ...
    • Identification of nine new susceptibility loci for endometrial cancer 

      O'Mara, Tracy A.; Glubb, Dylan M.; Amant, Frédéric; Annibali, Daniela; Ashton, Katie; Attia, John; Auer, Paul L.; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Black, Amanda; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Brauch, Hiltrud; Brenner, Hermann; Brinton, Louise; Buchanan, Daniel D.; Burwinkel, Barbara; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Chanock, Stephen J.; Chen, Chu; Chen, Maxine M.; Cheng, Timothy H.T.; Clarke, Christine L.; Clendenning, Mark; Cook, Linda S.; Couch, Fergus J.; Cox, Angela; Crous-Bous, Marta; Czene, Kamila; Day, Felix; Dennis, Joe; Depreeuw, Jeroen; Doherty, Jennifer Anne; Dörk, Thilo; Dowdy, Sean C.; Dürst, Matthias; Ekici, Arif B.; Fasching, Peter A.; Fridley, Brooke L.; Friedenreich, Christine M.; Fritschi, Lin; Fung, Jenny; García-Closas, Montserrat; Gaudet, Mia M.; Giles, Graham G.; Goode, Ellen L.; Gorman, Maggie; Haiman, Christopher A.; Hall, Per; Hankison, Susan E.; Healey, Catherine S.; Hein, Alexander; Hillemanns, Peter; Hodgson, Shirley; Høivik, Erling Andre; Holliday, Elizabeth G.; Hopper, John L.; Hunter, David J.; Jones, Angela; Krakstad, Camilla; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Lambrechts, Diether; Marchand, Loic Le; Liang, Xiaolin; Lindblom, Annika; Lissowska, Jolanta; Long, Jirong; Lu, Lingeng; Magliocco, Anthony M.; Martin, Lynn; McEvoy, Mark; Meindl, Alfons; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Milne, Roger L.; Mints, Miriam; Montgomery, Grant W.; Nassir, Rami; Olsson, Håkan; Orlow, Irene; Otton, Geoffrey; Palles, Claire; Perry, John R.B.; Peto, Julian; Pooler, Loreall; Prescott, Jennifer; Proietto, Tony; Rebbeck, Timothy R.; Risch, Harvey A.; Rogers, Peter A.W.; Rübner, Matthias; Runnebaum, Ingo; Sacerdote, Carlotta; Sarto, Gloria E.; Schumacher, Fredrick; Scott, Rodney J.; Setiawan, V. Wendy; Shah, Mitul; Sheng, Xin; Shu, Xiao-Ou; Southey, Melissa C.; Swerdlow, Anthony J.; Tham, Emma; Trovik, Jone; Turman, Constance; Tyrer, Jonathan P.; Vachon, Celine; VanDen Berg, David; Vanderstichele, Adriaan; Wang, Zhaoming; Webb, Penelope M.; Wentzensen, Nicolas; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Winham, Stacey J.; Wolk, Alicja; Xia, Lucy; Xiang, Yong-Bing; Yang, Hannah P.; Yu, Herbert; Zheng, Wei; Pharoah, Paul D.P.; Dunning, Alison M.; Kraft, Peter; De Vivo, Immaculata; Tomlinson, Ian; Easton, Douglas F.; Spurdle, Amanda B.; Thompson, Deborah J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08-09)
      Endometrial cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer of the female reproductive tract in developed countries. Through genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we have previously identified eight risk loci for endometrial ...
    • Identification of novel monocistronic HTLV-1 mRNAs encoding functional Rex isoforms 

      Rende, Francesca; Cavallari, Ilaria; Andresen, Vibeke; Valeri, Valerio W.; D'Agostino, Donna M.; Franchini, Genoveffa; Ciminale, Vincenzo (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07-02)
      Background: Human T cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) gene expression is controlled by the key regulatory proteins Tax and Rex. The concerted action of these proteins results in a two-phase kinetics of viral expression ...