Now showing items 632-651 of 1318

    • Imaging in Lyme neuroborreliosis 

      Lindland, Elisabeth Margrete Stokke; Solheim, Anne Marit; Andreassen, Silje; Paulsen, Else Quist; Eikeland, Randi; Ljøstad, Unn; Mygland, Åse; Elsais, Ahmed; Nygaard, Gro Owren; Lorentzen, Åslaug Rudjord; Harbo, Hanne Flinstad; Beyer, Mona K. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-10)
      Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB) is a tick-borne spirochetal infection with a broad spectrum of imaging pathology. For individuals who live in or have travelled to areas where ticks reside, LNB should be considered among ...
    • Imaging of preclinical endometrial cancer models for monitoring tumor progression and response to targeted therapy 

      Espedal, Heidi; Fonnes, Tina; Fasmer, Kristine Eldevik; Krakstad, Camilla; Haldorsen, Ingfrid S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-11-27)
      Endometrial cancer is the most common gynecologic malignancy in industrialized countries. Most patients are cured by surgery; however, about 15% of the patients develop recurrence with limited treatment options. Patient-derived ...
    • Imaging of the brain and of the lungs in young adults born prematurely and / or with a low birth weight. Radiological findings and associations with clinical features. 

      Aukland, Stein Magnus (Doctoral thesis, 2011-04-15)
      Background and Purpose: Premature birth is defined as a birth occurring earlier than 37 gestational weeks, and typically occurs in 6% of all pregnancies in Europe (1). All premature babies are at risk for health problems ...
    • Immediate and long-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on delivery of surgical services 

      Søreide, Kjetil; Hallet, Julie; Matthews, Jeffrey B.; Schnitzbauer, Andreas Anton; Line, Pål Dag; Lai, Paul B.S.; Otero, Javier; Callegaro, Dario; Warner, Shelley G.; Baxter, Nancy N.; Teh, Catherine S.C.; Ng-Kamstra, Joshua S.; Meara, John G.; Hagander, Lars E.; Lorenzon, Laura (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The ongoing pandemic is having a collateral health effect on delivery of surgical care to millions of patients. Very little is known about pandemic management and effects on other services, including delivery ...
    • Immune-related genetic enrichment in frontotemporal dementia: An analysis of genome-wide association studies 

      Broce, Iris J.; Karch, Celeste M.; Wen, Natalie; Fan, Chun C.; Wang, Yunpeng; Hong Tan, Chin; Kouri, Naomi; Ross, Owen A.; Höglinger, Günter U.; Müller, Ulrich; Hardy, John; Momeni, Parastoo; Hess, Christopher P.; Dillon, William P.; Miller, Zachary A.; Bonham, Luke W.; Rabinovici, Gil D.; Rosen, Howard J.; Schellenberg, Gerard D.; Franke, Andre; Karlsen, Tom Hemming; Veldink, Jan H.; Ferrari, Raffaele; Yokoyama, Jennifer S.; Miller, Bruce L.; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Dale, Anders; Desikan, Rahul S.; Sugrue, Leo P. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-01-09)
      Background: Converging evidence suggests that immune-mediated dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Although genetic studies have shown that immune-associated loci are ...
    • Impact of body mass index and fat distribution on sex steroid levels in endometrial carcinoma: A retrospective study 

      van Weelden, Willem Jan; Fasmer, Kristine Eldevik; Tangen, Ingvild Løberg; IntHout, Joanna; Abbink, Karin; van Herwaarden, Antonius E.; Krakstad, Camilla; Massuger, Leon F.A.G.; Haldorsen, Ingfrid S.; Pijnenborg, Johanna M.A. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-06-07)
      Background Obesity is an important cause of multiple cancer types, amongst which endometrial cancer (EC). The relation between obesity and cancer is complicated and involves alterations in insulin metabolism, response to ...
    • Impact of different methods defining post-stroke neurocognitive disorder: The Nor-COAST study 

      Munthe-Kaas, Ragnhild; Aam, Stina; Ihle-Hansen, Hege; Lydersen, Stian; Knapskog, Anne Brita; Wyller, Torgeir Bruun; Fure, Brynjar; Thingstad, Pernille; Askim, Torunn; Beyer, Mona K.; Næss, Halvor; Seljeseth, Yngve Müller; Ellekjær, Hanne; Pendlebury, Sarah T.; Saltvedt, Ingvild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-03-16)
      Introduction Post‐stroke neurocognitive disorder (NCD) is common; prevalence varies between studies, partially related to lack of consensus on how to identify cases. The aim was to compare the prevalence of post‐stroke ...
    • Impact of EMG Changes in Continuous Vagal Nerve Monitoring in High-Risk Endocrine Neck Surgery 

      Brauckhoff, Katrin; Vik, Renate Kollevåg; Sandvik, Lorentz; Heimdal, John-Helge; Aas, Turid; Biermann, Martin; Brauckhoff, Michael (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-03)
      Background: Continuous vagal intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM) of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) may reduce the risk of RLN lesions during high-risk endocrine neck surgery such as operation for large goiter ...
    • The impact of gender, puberty, and pregnancy in patients with POLG disease 

      Hikmat, Omar; Naess, Karin; Engvall, Martin; Klingenberg, Claus; Rasmussen, Magnhild; Tallaksen, Chantal; Samsonsen, Christian; Brodtkorb, Eylert; Ostergaard, Elsebet; de Coo, Rene; Pias-Peleteiro, Leticia; Isohanni, Pirjo; Uusimaa, Johanna; Darin, Niklas; Rahman, Shamima; Bindoff, Laurence (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objective To study the impact of gender, puberty, and pregnancy on the expression of POLG disease, one of the most common mitochondrial diseases known. Methods Clinical, laboratory, and genetic data were collected ...
    • Impact of hip arthroplasty registers on orthopaedic practice and perspectives for the future 

      Varnum, Claus; Pedersen, Alma Bečić; Rolfson, Ola; Rogmark, Cecilia; Furnes, Ove; Hallan, Geir; Mäkelä, Keijo; de Steiger, Richard; Porter, Martyn; Overgaard, Søren (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Total hip arthroplasty (THA) registers are established in several countries to collect data aiming to improve the results after THA. Monitoring of adverse outcomes after THA has focused mainly on revision surgery, but ...
    • The impact of ischaemic stroke subtype on 30-day hospital readmissions 

      Bjerkreim, Anna Therese; Khanevski, Andrej; Selvik, Henriette Aurora; Waje-Andreassen, Ulrike; Thomassen, Lars; Næss, Halvor; Logallo, Nicola (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-12-03)
      Background. Stroke aetiologymay affect the risk and causes of readmission after ischaemic stroke (IS) and transient ischaemic attack (TIA) due to differences in risk factors, functional outcome, and treatment.We aimed to ...
    • The impact of lifestyle factors on disease risk and long-term disability progression in multiple sclerosis 

      Wesnes, Kristin (Doctoral thesis, 2021-06-04)
      Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) likely caused by genetic susceptible variants and environmental triggers. Low vitamin D levels and smoking are ...
    • Impact of pre-diagnostic triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol on breast cancer recurrence and survival by breast cancer subtypes 

      Lofterød, Trygve; Mortensen, Elin Synnøve; Nalwoga, Hawa; Wilsgaard, Tom; Frydenberg, Hanne; Risberg, Terje; Eggen, Anne Elise; McTiernan, Anne; Aziz, Sura Mohammed; Wist, Erik; Stensvold, Andreas; Reitan, Jon Brinchmann; Akslen, Lars A.; Thune, Inger (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-06-15)
      Background High triglycerides and low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol are observed to promote tumor growth. However, whether breast cancer heterogeneity may explain the contradictory influence of ...
    • Impact of proteinase 3 versus myeloperoxidase positivity on risk of end-stage renal disease in ANCA-associated glomerulonephritis stratified by histological classification: A population-based cohort study 

      Solbakken, Vilde; Fismen, Anne-Siri; Bostad, Leif; Bjørneklett, Rune (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-05-09)
      Background: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody- (ANCA-) associated glomerulonephritis (ANCA-GN) according to ANCA serotype and stratified by histological classification ...
    • Impact of the Norwegian National Patient Safety Program on implementation of the WHO Surgical Safety Checklist and on perioperative safety culture 

      Haugen, Arvid Steinar; Søfteland, Eirik Wigtil; Sevdalis, Nick; Eide, Geir Egil; Nortvedt, Monica Wammen; Vincent, Charles; Harthug, Stig (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objectives Our primary objective was to study the impact of the Norwegian National Patient Safety Campaign and Program on Surgical Safety Checklist (SSC) implementation and on safety culture. Secondary objective was ...
    • Impaired cerebrovascular reactivity may predict delayed cerebral ischemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage 

      Bøthun, Marianne Lundervik; Haaland, Øystein Ariansen; Moen, Gunnar; Logallo, Nicola; Svendsen, Frode; Thomassen, Lars; Helland, Christian Andre (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Introduction: Delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) is a major cause of disability and death after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. The literature suggests that impaired cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) may be a predictor for ...
    • Implementation of a fracture and dislocation registry. Epidemiology and scoring validity of long-bone fractures 

      Meling, Terje (Doctoral thesis; Peer reviewed, 2013-03-07)
      Introduction: The Fracture and Dislocation Registry of Stavanger University Hospital were initiated 1st of January 2004 to accomplish the request of reliable data regarding incidence, modes of treatment and outcome of ...
    • Implementation of checklists in health care; learning from high-reliability organisations 

      Thomassen, Øyvind; Espeland, Ansgar; Søfteland, Eirik; Lossius, Hans Morten; Heltne, Jon-Kenneth; Brattebø, Guttorm (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-10-03)
      Background: Checklists are common in some medical fields, including surgery, intensive care and emergency medicine. They can be an effective tool to improve care processes and reduce mortality and morbidity. Despite the ...
    • Implementation of recommended trauma system criteria in south-eastern Norway: a cross-sectional hospital survey 

      Kristiansen, Thomas; Ringdal, Kjetil Gorseth; Skotheimsvik, Tarjei; Salthammer, Halvor K.; Gaarder, Christine; Næss, Pål A.; Lossius, Hans Morten (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-01-26)
      Background: Formalized trauma systems have shown beneficial effects on patient survival and have harvested great recognition among health care professionals. In spite of this, the implementation of trauma systems is ...
    • Implementation of safety checklists in medicine. Not as simple as it sounds 

      Thomassen, Øyvind (Doctoral thesis, 2012-01-19)
      Background Adverse events are documented to affect more than one in 25 hospital patients. Medical mishaps and errors are rarely the result of incompetence, poor motivation or negligence but challenges on social and cognitive ...