The B-lymphocyte chemokine CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid of children with Lyme neuroborreliosis: associations with clinical and laboratory variables
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Background: The B-lymphocyte chemokine CXCL13 is increasingly considered as a useful early phase diagnostic marker of Lyme neuroborreliosis (LNB). However, the large variation in level of CXCL13 in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) observed in LNB patients is still unexplained. We aimed to identify factors associated with the level of CXCL13 in children with LNB, possibly improving the interpretation of CXCL13 as a diagnostic marker of LNB. Methods: Children with confirmed and probable LNB were included in a prospective study on CXCL13 in CSF as a diagnostic marker of LNB. The variables age, sex, facial nerve palsy, generalized inflammation symptoms (fever, headache, neck-stiffness and/or fatigue), duration of symptoms, Borrelia antibodies in CSF, Borrelia antibody index (AI), CSF white blood cells (WBC), CSF protein and detection of the genospecies Borrelia garinii by PCR were included in simple and multivariable regression analyses to study the associations with the CXCL13 level. Results: We included 53 children with confirmed and 17 children with probable LNB. CXCL13 levels in CSF were positively associated with WBC, protein and Borrelia antibodies in CSF in both simple and multivariable analyses. We did not find any associations between CXCL13 and age, sex, clinical symptoms, duration of symptoms, AI or the detection of Borrelia garinii. Conclusions: High levels of CSF CXCL13 are present in the early phase of LNB and correlate with the level of CSF WBC and protein. Our results indicate that CSF CXCL13 in children evaluated for LNB can be interpreted independently of clinical features or duration of symptoms.
Under embargo until: 2020-10-01