Now showing items 704-723 of 1169

    • Masked hypertension in obesity: Potential predictors and arterial damage 

      Kenny, Isabel E.; Saeed, Sahrai; Gerdts, Eva; Midtbø, Helga Bergljot; Halland, Hilde; Lønnebakken, Mai Tone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-02)
      Background: Masked hypertension (MHT), defined as normal office blood pressure (BP) but high ambulatory BP, has been associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Although MHT has been associated with obesity, there is ...
    • Maternal allergen immunisation to prevent sensitisation in offspring: Th2-polarising adjuvants are more efficient than a Th1-polarising adjuvant in mice 

      Ellertsen, Linda K.; Nygaard, Unni C.; Melkild, Ingrid; Løvik, Martinus (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-03-01)
      Background Allergy has been an increasing problem in several parts of the world. Prenatal exposure to allergen and microbial components may affect the development of allergies in childhood, as indicated by epidemiological ...
    • Maternal and child gluten intake and association with type 1 diabetes: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study 

      Lund-Blix, Nicolai Andre; Tapia, German; Mårild, Karl Staffan; Brantsæter, Anne Lise; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Joner, Geir; Skrivarhaug, Torild; Størdal, Ketil; Stene, Lars Christian Mørch (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Background The relationship between maternal gluten intake in pregnancy, offspring intake in childhood, and offspring risk of type 1 diabetes has not been examined jointly in any studies. Our aim was to study the relationship ...
    • Maternal diabetes mellitus and fetal venous liver flow – a longitudinal study 

      Lund, Agnethe (Doctoral thesis, 2019-06-13)
      Background: Despite adequate glycemic control, the risks of perinatal complications and fetal macrosomia are increased in pregnancies with pregestational diabetes (PGDM). Maternal overweight, obesity and excess gestational ...
    • Maternal influence on fetal size and use of longitudinal fetal surveillance in predicting adverse perinatal outcomes 

      Karlsen, Henriette Odland (Doctoral thesis, 2016-06-15)
      Background: Fetal growth is influenced by maternal factors, but also more specifically determined by level of fetoplacental circulation. We tested the hypothesis that fetal abdominal circumference (AC) in the second trimester ...
    • Maternal microchimerism in cord blood and risk of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes 

      Tapia, German; Mortimer, Georgina; Ye, Jody; Gillard, Benjamin Thomas; Chipper-Keating, Saranna; Mårild, Karl Staffan; Viken, Marte K; Lie, Benedicte Alexandra; Joner, Geir; Skrivarhaug, Torild; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Størdal, Ketil; Gillespie, Kathleen; Stene, Lars Christian Mørch (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09)
      Background: Maternal microchimerism (MMc), the transmission of small quantities of maternal cells to the fetus, is relatively common and persistent. MMc has been detected with increased frequency in the circulation and ...
    • Maternal smoking impacts key biological pathways in newborns through epigenetic modification in Utero 

      Rotroff, Daniel M; Joubert, Bonnie R; Marvel, Skylar W; Håberg, Siri Eldevik; Wu, Michael C; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Ueland, Per Magne; Nystad, Wenche; London, Stephanie J; Motsinger-Reif, Alison (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-11-25)
      Background: Children exposed to maternal smoking during pregnancy exhibit increased risk for many adverse health effects. Maternal smoking influences methylation in newborns at specific CpG sites (CpGs). Here, we extend ...
    • Matrix M H5N1 vaccine induces cross-H5 clade humoral immune responses in a randomized clinical trial and provides protection from highly pathogenic influenza challenge in ferrets 

      Cox, Rebecca Jane; Major, Diane; Pedersen, Gabriel Kristian; Pathirana, Rishi; Höschler, Katja; Guilfoyle, Kate; Roseby, Sarah; Bredholt, Geir; Assmus, Jörg; Breakwell, Lucy; Campitelli, Laura; Sjursen, Haakon (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07-06)
      Background and Methods: Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses constitute a pandemic threat and the development of effective vaccines is a global priority. Sixty adults were recruited into a randomized clinical ...
    • MDM2 promoter polymorphism del1518 (rs3730485) and its impact on endometrial and ovarian cancer risk 

      Gansmo, Liv Beathe; Bjørnslett, Merete Pauline; Halle, Mari Kyllesø; Salvesen, Helga; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Hveem, Kristian; Vatten, Lars Johan; Dørum, Anne; Lønning, Per Eystein; Knappskog, Stian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-02-03)
      Background: The del1518 (rs3730485) polymorphism is an in/del variant in the MDM2 promoter P1. The variant is in complete linkage disequilibrium with MDM2 SNP309 (rs2279744) and has previously been found associated with ...
    • MDM2 Promoter SNP344T>A (rs1196333) Status Does Not Affect Cancer Risk 

      Knappskog, Stian; Gansmo, Liv B.; Romundstad, Pål; Bjørnslett, Merete; Trovik, Jone; Lønning, Per Eystein; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-04-30)
      The MDM2 proto-oncogene plays a key role in central cellular processes like growth control and apoptosis, and the gene locus is frequently amplified in sarcomas. Two polymorphisms located in the MDM2 promoter P2 have been ...
    • MDM2 promoter SNP55 (rs2870820) affects risk of colon cancer but not breast-, lung-, or prostate cancer 

      Helwa, Reham; Gansmo, Liv Beathe; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Hveem, Kristian; Vatten, Lars Johan; Ryan, Bríd M.; Harris, Curtis C.; Lønning, Per Eystein; Knappskog, Stian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-09-14)
      Two functional SNPs (SNP285G > C; rs117039649 and SNP309T > G; rs2279744) have previously been reported to modulate Sp1 transcription factor binding to the promoter of the proto-oncogene MDM2, and to influence cancer risk. ...
    • MDM4 SNP34091 (rs4245739) and its effect on breast-, colon-, lung- and prostate cancer risk. 

      Gansmo, Liv Beathe; Romundstad, Pål Richard; Birkeland, Einar Elvbakken; Hveem, Kristian; Vatten, Lars Johan; Knappskog, Stian; Lønning, Per Eystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-10-16)
      The MDM4 protein plays an important part in the negative regulation of the tumor suppressor p53 through its interaction with MDM2. In line with this, MDM4 amplification has been observed in several tumor forms. A polymorphism ...
    • Measures of symmetry in gait. Methodological principles and clinical choices 

      Hodt-Billington, Caroline (Doctoral thesis, 2012-02-24)
      The aim of this thesis is to evaluate measures of gait symmetry in subjects with disease or injury related to one-sided affection. This thesis also aims to relate objective measures of gait quality (gait symmetry) to other ...
    • Measuring discharge care quality in hospitalised elderly: Development and validation of an instrument based on patients’ experiences 

      Boge, Ranveig Marie (Doctoral thesis, 2020-03-20)
      Background: Elderly patients account for a majority of hospital admissions. Their wellbeing and safety are at risk in the discharge process due to quality deficiencies, thus, accurate and vigorous instruments to monitor ...
    • Measuring discharge quality based on elderly patients’ experiences with discharge conversation: a cross-sectional study 

      Boge, Ranveig Marie; Haugen, Arvid Steinar; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Bruvik, Frøydis Kristine; Harthug, Stig (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: Discharge conversation is an essential part of preparing patients for the period after hospitalisation. Successful communication during such conversations is associated with improved health outcomes for patients. ...
    • Medikamentbruk blant ungdommer i Sogn og Fjordane. En samling av tversnittstudier fra 97-09 

      Stien, Trine Høstmark (Master thesis, 2013-05-21)
      Ungdomstiden er en periode i livet preget av mye usikkerhet og tilpasning i forhold til endringene som puberteten medfører. Denne overgangsfasen fra barn til voksen gjør i seg selv ungdommer sårbare, og dersom de i tillegg ...
    • Menopause as a predictor of new-onset asthma 

      Triebner, Kai; Johannessen, Ane; Puggini, Luca; Benediktsdottir, Bryndis; Bertelsen, Randi Jacobsen; Bifulco, Ersilia; Dharmage, Shyamali C.; Franklin, Karl A.; Gislason, Þórarinn; Holm, Mathias; Jarvis, Deborah; Leynaert, Bénédicte; Lindberg, Eva; Macsali, Ferenc; Malinovschi, Andrej; Norbäck, Dan; Omenaas, Ernst; Rodriguez, Francisco J; Saure, Eirunn Waatevik; Schlünssen, Vivi; Sigsgaard, Torben; Skorge, Trude Duelien; Wieslander, Gunilla; Zemp, Elisabeth; Svanes, Cecilie; Hustad, Simon Steinar; Gomez Real, Francisco (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-01)
      Background: There is limited and conflicting evidence on the effect of menopause on asthma. Objectives: We sought to study whether the incidence of asthma and respiratory symptoms differ by menopausal status in a longitudinal ...
    • Mesenchymal stem cells support survival and proliferation of primary human acute myeloid leukemia cells through heterogeneous molecular mechanisms 

      Brenner, Annette; Nepstad, Ina; Bruserud, Øystein (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-02-09)
      Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a bone marrow malignancy, and various bone marrow stromal cells seem to support leukemogenesis, including osteoblasts and endothelial cells. We have investigated how normal bone marrow ...
    • Meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies identifies common susceptibility polymorphisms for colorectal and endometrial cancer near SH2B3 and TSHZ1 

      Cheng, Timothy H.T.; Thompson, Deborah; Painter, Jodie; Omara, Tracy; Gorman, Maggie; Martin, Lynn; Palles, Claire; Jones, Angela; Buchanan, Daniel D.; Ko Win, Aung; Hopper, John; Jenkins, Mark; Lindor, Noralane M.; Newcomb, Polly A.; Gallinger, Steve; Conti, David; Schumacher, Fred; Casey, Graham; Giles, Graham G.; Pharoah, Paul; Peto, Julian; Cox, Angela; Swerdlow, Anthony; Couch, Fergus; Cunningham, Julie M.; Goode, Ellen L.; Winham, Stacey J.; Lambrechts, Diether; Fasching, Peter; Burwinkel, Barbara; Brenner, Hermann; Brauch, Hiltrud; Chang-Claude, Jenny; Salvesen, Helga Birgitte; Kristensen, Vessela N.; Darabi, Hatef; Li, Jingmei; Liu, Tao; Lindblom, Annika; Hall, Per; De Polanco, Magdalena Echeverry; Sans, Monica; Carracedo, Angel; Castellvi-Bel, Sergi; Rojas-Martinez, Augusto; Aguiar Jnr, Samuel; Teixeira, Manuel R.; Dunning, Alison M.; Dennis, Joe; Otton, Geoffrey; Proietto, Tony; Holliday, Elizabeth; Attia, John; Ashton, Katie; Scott, Rodney J.; McEvoy, Mark; Dowdy, Sean C.; Fridley, Brooke L.; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Trovik, Jone; Njølstad, Tormund Salvesen; Tham, Emma; Mints, Miriam; Runnebaum, Ingo; Hillemanns, Peter; Dörk, Thilo; Amant, Frederic; Schrauwen, Stefanie; Hein, Alexander; Beckmann, Matthias W.; Ekici, Arif; Czene, Kamila; Meindl, Alfons; Bolla, Manjeet K.; Michailidou, Kyriaki; Tyrer, Jonathan P.; Wang, Qin; Ahmed, Shahana; Healey, Catherine S.; Shah, Mitul; Annibali, Daniela; Depreeuw, Jeroen; Al-Tassan, Nada A.; Harris, Rebecca; Meyer, Brian F; Whiffin, Nicola; Hosking, Fay J.; Kinnersley, Ben; Farrington, Susan M; Timofeeva, Maria; Tenesa, Albert; Campbell, Harry; Haile, Robert W.; Hodgson, Shirley; Carvajal-Carmona, Luis; Cheadle, Jeremy P.; Easton, Douglas; Dunlop, Malcolm; Houlston, Richard; Spurdle, Amanda; Tomlinson, Ian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-12-01)
      High-risk mutations in several genes predispose to both colorectal cancer (CRC) and endometrial cancer (EC). We therefore hypothesised that some lower-risk genetic variants might also predispose to both CRC and EC. Using ...
    • Metabolic dysfunctions in the kynurenine pathway, noradrenergic and purine metabolism in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders 

      Steen, Nils Eiel; Dieset, Ingrid; Hope, Sigrun; Vedal, Trude Seselie Jahr; Smeland, Olav Bjerkehagen; Matson, Wayne; Kaddurah-Daouk, Rima; Agartz, Ingrid; Melle, Ingrid; Djurovic, Srdjan; Jönsson, Erik Gunnar; Bogdanov, Mikhail; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Background: We aimed at exploring potential pathophysiological processes across psychotic disorders, applying metabolomics in a large and well-characterized sample of patients and healthy controls. Methods: Patients with ...