Now showing items 667-686 of 1191

    • Laboratory contamination in airway microbiome studies 

      Drengenes, Christine; Wiker, Harald G; Kalananthan, Tharmini; Nordeide, Eli; Eagan, Tomas Mikal; Nielsen, Rune (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-14)
      Background The low bacterial load in samples acquired from the lungs, have made studies on the airway microbiome vulnerable to contamination from bacterial DNA introduced during sampling and laboratory processing. We have ...
    • Laparoskopisk gastrisk bypassoperasjon versus livsstilsbehandling av unge med sykelig overvekt 

      Hjelmesæth, Jøran; Hertel, Jens Kristoffer; Holt, Ane Hjetland; Benestad, Beate; Seeberg, Lars Thomas; Lindberg, Morten; Halvorsen, Erling; Juliusson, Petur Benedikt; Sandbu, Rune; Lekhal, Samira (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      BAKGRUNN Kunnskapsgrunnlaget om effekten av og komplikasjoner ved vektreduserende kirurgi hos ungdom er mangelfullt. Hovedformålet med 4XL-studien er å avklare om laparoskopisk Roux-en-Y gastrisk bypassoperasjon (LGBP) ...
    • A large community outbreak of waterborne giardiasis- delayed detection in a non-endemic urban area 

      Nygård, Karin; Schimmer, Barbara; Søbstad, Øystein; Walde, Anna; Tveit, Ingvar; Langeland, Nina; Hausken, Trygve; Aavitsland, Preben (BMC Public Health 6(141), Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2006-05-25)
      Background: Giardia is not endemic in Norway, and more than 90% of reported cases acquire the infection abroad. In late October 2004, an increase in laboratory confirmed cases of giardiasis was reported in the city of ...
    • Large-scale genomics unveil polygenic architecture of human cortical surface area 

      Chen, Chi-Hua; Peng, Qian; Schork, Andrew J.; Lo, Min-Tzu; Fan, Chun-Chieh; Wang, Yunpeng; Desikan, Rahul S.; Bettella, Franscesco; Hagler, Donald J.; Westlye, Lars Tjelta; Kremen, William S.; Jernigan, Terry L.; Le Hellard, Stephanie; Steen, Vidar Martin; Espeseth, Thomas; Huentelman, Matt; Håberg, Asta; Agartz, Ingrid; Djurovic, Srdjan; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Schork, Nicholas; Dale, Anders (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-07-20)
      Little is known about how genetic variation contributes to neuroanatomical variability, and whether particular genomic regions comprising genes or evolutionarily conserved elements are enriched for effects that influence ...
    • Laryngeal response patterns during mechanically assisted cough in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 

      Andersen, Tiina Maarit (Doctoral thesis, 2018-06-21)
      Background: Patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) are treated with mechanical cough assist devices using the technique of mechanical insufflationexsufflation (MI-E) in order to improve cough and enhance clearance ...
    • Laryngeal tube use in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest by paramedics in Norway 

      Sunde, Geir Arne; Brattebø, Guttorm; Ødegården, Terje; Kjernlie, Dag Frode; Rødne, Emma Sjøgren; Heltne, Jon-Kenneth (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-12-18)
      Background: Although there are numerous supraglottic airway alternatives to endotracheal intubation, it remains unclear which airway technique is optimal for use in prehospital cardiac arrests. We evaluated the use of the ...
    • Late-week surgical treatment of endometrial cancer is associated with worse long-term outcome: Results from a prospective, multicenter study 

      Njølstad, Tormund Salvesen; Werner, Henrica Maria Johanna; Marcickiewicz, Janusz; Tingulstad, Solveig; Staff, Anne Cathrine; Oddenes, Klaus; Bjørge, Line; Engh, Marie Ellström; Woie, Kathrine; Tjugum, Jostein; Lode, Margaret Sævik; Amant, Frédéric; Salvesen, Helga; Trovik, Jone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-08-03)
      Surgery is the cornerstone in primary endometrial cancer treatment, and with curative intent it constitutes total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy. In addition, lymphadenectomy is performed in selected ...
    • Latencies longer than 3.5 ms after vagus nerve stimulation does not exclude a nonrecurrent inferior laryngeal nerve 

      Brauckhoff, Michael; Naterstad, Helle; Brauckhoff, Katrin; Biermann, Martin; Aas, Turid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-08-28)
      Background: It has recently been reported that a signal latency shorter than 3.5 ms after electrical stimulation of the vagus nerve signify a nonrecurrent course of the inferior laryngeal nerve. We present a patient with ...
    • Latitude, Birth Date, and Allergy 

      Wjst, Matthias; Dharmage, Shyamali; André, Elisabeth; Norbäck, Dan; Raherison, Chantal; Villani, Simona; Manfreda, Jure; Sunyer, Jordi; Jarvis, Deborah; Burney, Peter; Svanes, Cecilie (PLoS Medicine 2(10): e294, Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2005-10-04)
      Background: The space and time distribution of risk factors for allergic diseases may provide insights into disease mechanisms. Allergy is believed to vary by month of birth, but multinational studies taking into account ...
    • Left ventricular dysfunction after two hours of polarizing or depolarizing cardioplegic arrest in a porcine model 

      Aass, Terje; Stangeland, Lodve; Moen, Christian Arvei; Solholm, Atle; Dahle, Geir Olav; Chambers, David J.; Urban, Malte; Nesheim, Knut; Haaverstad, Rune; Matre, Knut; Grong, Ketil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Introduction: This experimental study compares myocardial function after prolonged arrest by St. Thomas’ Hospital polarizing cardioplegic solution (esmolol, adenosine, Mg2+) with depolarizing (hyperkalaemic) St. Thomas’ ...
    • Left ventricular hypertrophy contributes to Myocardial Ischemia in Non-obstructive Coronary Artery Disease (the MicroCAD study) 

      Eskerud, Ingeborg; Gerdts, Eva; Larsen, Terje H; Lønnebakken, Mai Tone (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Background: The underlying mechanisms causing myocardial ischemia in non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) are still unclear. We explored whether left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) was associated with myocardial ...
    • A left ventricular phantom for 3D echocardiographic twist measurements 

      Hjertaas, Johannes Just; Matre, Knut (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Traditional two-dimensional (2D) ultrasound speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) studies have shown a wide range of twist values, also for normal hearts, which is due to the limitations of short-axis 2D ultrasound. The ...
    • Left Vocal Cord Paralysis After Patent Ductus Arteriosus Ligation: A Systematic Review. 

      Engeseth, Merete Salveson; Olsen, Nina Rydland; Mæland, Silje; Halvorsen, Thomas; Goode, Adam; Røksund, Ola Drange (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Context: Extremely premature (EP) infants are at increased risk of left vocal cord paralysis (LVCP) following surgery for patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). Objective: A Systematical Review was conducted to investigate the ...
    • Legemiddelbruk, haldningar og erfaringar i møte med svangerskapsomsorga blant kvinner med svangerskapskvalme - Ein internettbasert tverrsnittstudie 

      Solheimsnes, Anja (Master thesis, 2015-05-20)
      Bakgrunn: Svangerskapskvalme er ei av dei vanlegaste plagene gravide opplever i løpet av svangerskapet og råkar om lag 7 av 10 gravide. Kor alvorleg kvalmen er variera der nokre opplever milde symptom medan andre oppleve ...
    • Legemiddelbrukeres holdninger til betaling av legemidler på blå resept 

      Vigrestad, Hallvard (Master thesis, 2011-05-20)
      Norge har et velfungerende velferdssystem og de fleste helsetjenestene er offentlig finansiert. Hensikten med dette systemet er å sikre befolkningen lik tilgang til helsetjenester uavhengig av betalingsevne, og dermed ...
    • Legemidler og porfyri: Utvikling av et system for innhenting av farmakologisk informasjon fra legemiddelprodusenter 

      Klausen, Marianne (Master thesis, 2010-05-20)
      Akutte porfyrisykdommer er arvelig betingede metabolske sykdommer som forekommer sjeldent. Bruk av vanlige legemidler kan utløse alvorlige, akutte anfall hos pasienter med genetisk disposisjon for akutt porfyri. Nasjonalt ...
    • Lifestyle intervention in patients at risk of type 2 diabetes. The effects of two low-intensity interventions, how lifestyle intervention influences health related quality of life – and how the 13-item Sense of Coherence questionnaire can predict successful lifestyle change 

      Nilsen, Vegard (Doctoral thesis, 2015-11-24)
      Background: The global prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is rapidly increasing, linked to the epidemic of obesity and inactivity. There is substantial research evidence for prevention of T2D by lifestyle interventions ...
    • Limited Benefit of Fish Consumption on Risk of Hip Fracture among Men in the Community-Based Hordaland Health Study 

      Rosendahl-Riise, Hanne; Sulo, Gerhard; Karlsson, Therese; Drevon, Christian A.; Dierkes, Jutta; Tell, Grethe S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-07-06)
      Hip fractures have a high prevalence worldwide. Few studies have investigated whether fish consumption is associated with risk of hip fractures. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of fish ...
    • Limited clinical efficacy of azacitidine in transfusion-dependent, growth factor-resistant, low- and Int-1-risk MDS: Results from the nordic NMDSG08A phase II trial 

      Tobiasson, Magnus; Dybedal, Ingunn; Holm, Mette Skov; Karimi, Mohsen; Brandefors, Lena; Garelius, Hege; Grövdal, Michael; Høgh-Dufva, Inge; Grønbæk, Kirsten; Jansson, Monika; Marcher, Vlaus Werenberg; Nilsson, Lars Håkan; Kittang, Astrid Marta Olsnes; Porwit, Anna; Saft, Leonie; Möllgård, Lars; Hellström-Lindberg, Eva (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014)
      This prospective phase II study evaluated the efficacy of azacitidine (Aza)+erythropoietin (Epo) in transfusion-dependent patients with lower-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Patients ineligible for or refractory to ...
    • Limited cross-border infections in patients newly diagnosed with HIV in Europe 

      Frentz, Dineke; Wensing, Annemarie M. J.; Albert, Jan; Paraskevis, Dimitrios; Abecasis, Ana B.; Hamouda, Osamah; Jørgensen, Louise B.; Kücherer, Claudia; Struck, Daniel; Schmit, Jean-Claude; Åsjø, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Beshkov, Danail; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Clotet, Bonaventura; Coughlan, Suzie; De Wit, Stéphane; Griskevicius, Algirdas; Grossman, Zehava; Horban, Andrzej; Kolupajeva, Tatjana; Korn, Klaus; Kostrikis, Leondios G.; Liitsola, Kirsi; Linka, Marek; Nielsen, Claus; Otelea, Dan; Paredes, Roger; Poljak, Mario; Puchhammer-Stöckl, Elisabeth; Sönnerborg, Anders; Stanekova, Danica; Stanojevic, Maja; Vandamme, Anne-Mieke; Boucher, Charles A. B.; Van de Vijver, David A. M. C.; SPREAD Programme (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-04-03)
      Background: International travel plays a role in the spread of HIV-1 across Europe. It is, however, not known whether international travel is more important for spread of the epidemic as compared to endogenous infections ...