Now showing items 1087-1106 of 1111

    • Vaccination with adjuvanted recombinant neuraminidase induces broad heterologous, but not heterosubtypic, cross-protection against influenza virus infection in mice 

      Wohlbold, Teddy John; Nachbagauer, Raffael; Xu, Haoming; Tan, Gene S.; Hirsh, Ariana; Brokstad, Karl Albert; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Palese, Peter; Krammer, Florian (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-03-10)
      In an attempt to assess the cross-protective potential of the influenza virus neuraminidase (NA) as a vaccine antigen, different subtypes of recombinant NA were expressed in a baculovirus system and used to vaccinate mice ...
    • Validation of Chichewa short musculoskeletal function assessment (SMFA) questionnaire: A cross-sectional study 

      Chokotho, Linda; Lau, Brian C.; Conway, Devin; Wu, Hao-Hua; Shearer, David; Hallan, Geir; Gjertsen, Jan-Erik; Mkandawire, Nyengo; Young, Sven (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03)
      Background: The Short Musculoskeletal Function Assessment (SMFA) tool measures function and quality of life in patients with musculoskeletal conditions. Objective: This study aimed to translate and adapt culturally the ...
    • Variants in the fetal genome near pro-inflammatory cytokine genes on 2q13 associate with gestational duration 

      Liu, Xueping; Helenius, Dorte; Skotte, Line; Beaumont, Robin N.; Wielscher, Matthias; Geller, Frank; Juodakis, Julius; Mahajan, Anubha; Bradfield, Jonathan P.; Lin, Frederick T.J.; Vogelezang, Suzanne; Bustamante, Mariona; Ahluwalia, Tarunveer S.; Pitkänen, Niina; Wang, Carol A.; Bacelis, Jonas; Borges, Maria C.; Zhang, Ge; Bedell, Bruce A.; Rossi, Robert M.; Skogstrand, Kristin; Peng, Shouneng; Thompson, Wesley Kurt; Appadurai, Vivek; Lawlor, Debbie A.; Kalliala, Ilkka; Power, Christine; McCarthy, Mark I.; Boyd, Heather A.; Marazita, Mary L.; Hakonarson, Hakon; Hayes, M. Geoffrey; Scholtens, Denise M.; Rivadeneira, Fernando; Jaddoe, Vincent W.V.; Vinding, Rebecca K.; Bisgaard, Hans; Knight, Bridget A.; Pahkala, Katja; Raitakari, Olli; Helgeland, Øyvind; Johansson, Stefan; Njølstad, Pål Rasmus; Fadista, João; Schork, Andrew J.; Nudel, Ron; Miller, Daniel E.; Chen, Xiaoting; Weirauch, Matthew T.; Mortensen, Preben Bo; Børglum, Anders D.; Nordentoft, Merete; Mors, Ole; Hao, Ke; Ryckman, Kelli K.; Hougaard, David M.; Kottyan, Leah C.; Pennell, Craig E.; Lyytikäinen, Leo-Pekka; Bønnelykke, Klaus; Vrijheid, Martine; Felix, Janine F.; Lowe, William L.; Grant, Struan F.A.; Hyppönen, Elina; Jacobsson, Bo; Jarvelin, Marjo-Riitta; Muglia, Louis J.; Murray, Jeffrey C.; Freathy, Rachel M.; Werge, Thomas M.; Melbye, Mads; Buil, Alfonso; Feenstra, Bjarke (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-09-02)
      The duration of pregnancy is influenced by fetal and maternal genetic and non-genetic factors. Here we report a fetal genome-wide association meta-analysis of gestational duration, and early preterm, preterm, and postterm ...
    • Ventilatory efficiency in children and adolescents born extremely preterm 

      Hestnes, Julie; Hoel, Hedda Benedicte; Risa, Ole J.; Romstøl, Hanna O.; Røksund, Ola Drange; Frisk, Bente; Thorsen, Einar; Halvorsen, Thomas; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07-13)
      Purpose: Children and adolescents born extremely preterm (EP) have lower dynamic lung volumes and gas transfer capacity than subjects born at term. Most studies also report lower aerobic capacity. We hypothesized that ...
    • Viral diarrhoea in children under two years of age in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Clinical and molecular epidemiology 

      Moyo, Sabrina John (Doctoral thesis, 2014-12-08)
      Introduction: Diarrhoeal disease is one of the leading causes of illness and death in children below five years, especially in developing countries. It is estimated to cause 0.7 million deaths among children younger than ...
    • Vitamin D Deficiency is Associated with Increased Use of Antimicrobials among Preschool Girls in Ethiopia 

      Bodin, Johanna Eva; Mihret, Adane; Holm-Hansen, Carol J C; Dembinski, Jennifer Lynn; Trieu, Mai Chi; Tessema, Bamlak; Tarekegne, Azeb; Yimer, Solomon Abebe; Cox, Rebecca Jane; Aseffa, Abraham; Haneberg, Bjørn; Mjaaland, Siri (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-03-07)
      Preschool children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, are highly exposed to influenza viruses. Factors related to infections, nutrition, and environmental conditions that might explain the burden of influenza among these children ...
    • Vitamin D levels, brain volume, and genetic architecture in patients with psychosis 

      Berg, Akiah Ottesen; Jørgensen, Kjetil Nordbø; Nerhus, Mari; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Popejoy, Alice; Bettella, Francesco; Norbom, Linn Christin Bonaventure; Gurholt, Tiril Pedersen; Dahl, Sandra Rinne; Andreassen, Ole Andreas; Djurovic, Srdjan; Agartz, Ingrid; Melle, Ingrid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-08-24)
      Background: Lower vitamin D levels are found in people with schizophrenia and depressive disorders, and also associated with neuroimaging abnormalities such as reduced brain volume in both animals and humans. Reduced whole ...
    • Vitamin D predicts all-cause and cardiac mortality in females with suspected acute coronary syndrome: a comparison with brain natriuretic peptide and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein 

      Næsgaard, Patrycja; Fuente, Ricardo León de la; Nilsen, Stein Tore; Woie, Leik; Årsland, Torbjørn; Staines, Harry; Nilsen, Dennis W.T. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Vitamin D may not only reflect disease but may also serve as a prognostic indicator. Our aim was to assess the gender-specific utility of vitamin D measured as 25-hydroxy-vitamin D [25(OH)D] to predict all-cause and cardiac ...
    • Vitamin D supplementation and its influence on musclestrength and mobility in community-dwelling olderpersons: a systematic review and meta-analysis 

      Rosendahl-Riise, Hanne; Spielau, U.; Ranhoff, Anette Hylen; Gudbrandsen, Oddrun Anita; Dierkes, Jutta (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-02)
      Background: It has been suggested that vitamin D status or supplementation is important for maintaining or improving muscle strength and mobility in older adults. The study results, however, do not provide consistent ...
    • Vitamin D Uptake in Patients Treated with a High-Dosed Purified Omega-3 Compound in a Randomized Clinical Trial Following an Acute Myocardial Infarction 

      Næsgaard, Patrycja; Grundt, Heidi; Nordøy, Arne; Staines, Harry; Nilsen, Dennis W.T. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-07-24)
      Background: Fish is the natural dietary source of vitamin D. Reports on the influence of purified omega-3 fatty acids on its uptake are scarce. Objectives: We investigated the impact of a purified high-dose omega-3 compound ...
    • Vitamin D, vitamin D binding protein, and longitudinal outcomes in COPD 

      Persson, Louise Jeanette Pauline; Aanerud, Marianne; Hiemstra, Pieter Sicco; Michelsen, Annika; Ueland, Thor; Hardie, Jon Andrew; Aukrust, Pål; Bakke, Per S.; Eagan, Tomas Mikal (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-03-24)
      Background: Associations between Vitamin D3 [25(OH)D], vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are previously reported. We aimed to further investigate these associations on ...
    • Vocal Cord Function During Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury Assessed by Accelerometry and EMG 

      Dahle, Geir Olav; Setså, Erling Johan; Svendsen, Øyvind Sverre; Stangeland, Lodve; Heimdal, John-Helge; Henriksen, Bård; Husby, Paul; Brauckhoff, Katrin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-02)
      Objective Gradual impairment of nerve conduction is expected to be tightly associated with simultaneous gradual loss of vocal cord contractility, related to the fact that injured axons are connected to a defined number of ...
    • Voice and Exercise Related Respiratory Symptoms in Extremely Preterm Born Children After Neonatal Patent Ductus Arteriosus 

      Engeseth, Merete Salveson; Engan, Mette; Clemm, Hege Synnøve Havstad; Vollsæter, Maria; Nilsen, Roy Miodini; Markestad, Trond Jacob; Halvorsen, Thomas; Røksund, Ola Drange (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Objective: To investigate voice characteristics and exercise related respiratory symptoms in extremely preterm born 11-year-old children, focusing particularly on associations with management of a patent ductus arteriosus ...
    • The vulnerable child in an obesogenic environment : Associations between sociodemographic and behavioural factors and weight-related anthropometric variables in Norwegian children 

      Kristiansen, Hege (Doctoral thesis, 2020-05-08)
      Background: Childhood overweight and obesity represent important challenges. As treatment is difficult, the attention given to prevention is warranted. To identify children at risk of overweight and obesity, knowledge about ...
    • Weight loss and BMI criteria in GLIM's definition of malnutrition is associated with postoperative complications following abdominal resections - Results from a National Quality Registry 

      Skeie, Eli; Tangvik, Randi Julie; Nymo, Linn Såve; Harthug, Stig; Lassen, Kristoffer; Viste, Asgaut (Journal article, 2020)
      Background & aims: Although malnutrition is thought to be common among patients with intraabdominal diseases and is recognized as a risk factor for postoperative complications, diagnostic criteria for malnutrition have not ...
    • Weight of salivary gland ultrasonography compared to other items of the 2016 ACR/EULAR classification criteria for Primary Sjögren's syndrome 

      Jousse-Joulin, Sandrine; Gatineau, Florence; Baldini, Chiara; Baer, Alan; Barone, Francesca; Bootsma, Hendrika; Bowman, Simon Jonathan; Brito-Zerón, Pilar; Cornec, Divi; Dörner, Thomas; de Vita, Salvatore; Fisher, Benjamin A.; Hammenfors, Daniel; Jonsson, Malin V; Mariette, Xavier; Milić, Vera D.; Nakamura, Hideki; Ng, Wan-Fai; Nowak, Emmanuel; Ramos-Casals, Manuel; Rasmussen, Astrid; Séror, Raphaèle; Shiboski, Caroline H.; Nakamura, Takashi; Vissink, Arjan; Saraux, Alain; Devauchelle-Pensec, Valérie (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Objective: Major salivary gland ultrasonography (SGUS) is widely used for the diagnosis of primary Sjögren’s syndrome (pSS). Our objective was to assess the contribution of SGUS compared to other items of the 2016 ACR/EULAR ...
    • What is the best preoperative imaging for endometrial cancer? 

      Haldorsen, Ingfrid S.; Salvesen, Helga (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-04)
      Although endometrial cancer is surgicopathologically staged, preoperative imaging is recommended for diagnostic work-up to tailor surgery and adjuvant treatment. For preoperative staging, imaging by transvaginal ultrasound ...
    • White Matter Hyperintensities and the Course of Depressive Symptoms in Elderly People with Mild Dementia 

      Sønnesyn, Hogne; Oppedal, Ketil; Greve, Ole Jacob; Fritze, Friederike; Auestad, Bjørn Henrik; Nore, Sabine; Beyer, Mona K.; Aarsland, Dag (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
      Objectives: To explore the relationship between white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and the prevalence and course of depressive symptoms in mild Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and Lewy body dementia. Design: This is a prospective ...
    • WHO multicentre study for the development of growth standards from fetal life to childhood: the fetal component 

      Merialdi, Mario; Widmer, Mariana; Gülmezoglu, Ahmet Metin; Abdel-Aleem, Hany; Bega, George; Benachi, Alexandra; Carroli, Guillermo; Cecatti, Jose Guilherme; Diemert, Anke; Gonzalez, Rogelio; Hecher, Kurt; Jensen, Lisa N.; Johnsen, Synnøve Lian; Kiserud, Torvid; Kriplani, Alka; Lumbiganon, Pisake; Tabor, Ann; Talegawkar, Sameera A.; Tshefu, Antoinette; Wojdyla, Daniel; Platt, Lawrence (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05-02)
      Background: In 2006 WHO presented the infant and child growth charts suggested for universal application. However, major determinants for perinatal outcomes and postnatal growth are laid down during antenatal development. ...
    • WHO multicentre study for the development of growth standards from fetal life to childhood: The fetal component 

      Merialdi, Mario; Widmer, Mariana; Gülmezoglu, Ahmet Metin; Abdel-Aleem, Hany; Bega, George; Benachi, Alexandra; Carroli, Guillermo; Cecatti, Jose Guilherme; Diemert, Anke; Gonzalez, Rogelio; Hecher, Kurt; Jensen, Lisa N.; Johnsen, Synnøve Lian; Kiserud, Torvid; Kriplani, Alka; Lumbiganon, Pisaka; Tabor, Ann; Talegawkar, Sameera A.; Tshefu, Antoinette; Wojdyla, Daniel; Platt, Lawrence (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05-02)
      Background: In 2006 WHO presented the infant and child growth charts suggested for universal application. However, major determinants for perinatal outcomes and postnatal growth are laid down during antenatal development. ...