Now showing items 682-701 of 1720

    • G1m1 predominance of intrathecal virus-specific antibodies in multiple sclerosis 

      Tomescu-Baciu, Alina; Vartdal, Frode; Holmøy, Trygve; Vedeler, Christian A.; Lossius, Peter Andreas Vold (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018-09-17)
      We have previously shown that plasmablasts of the G1m1 allotype of IgG1 are selectively enriched in the cerebrospinal fluid of G1m1/G1m3 heterozygous patients with multiple sclerosis, whereas both allotypes are equally ...
    • Gastric adenocarcinoma: aspects of development and progression in high- and low-risk countries 

      Alpízar-Alpízar, Warner Enrique (Doctoral thesis, 2010-03-25)
    • Gastric diverticulum and halitosis - A case for surgery? 

      Muis, Marius Osaland; Leitao, Kristian Øgreid; Havnen, Jorunn; Glomsaker, Tom Birger; Søreide, Jon Arne (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2014-05-09)
      INTRODUCTION Gastric diverticulum is a rare and frequently asymptomatic condition. Symptoms include vague pain, fullness, dyspepsia, vomiting, hemorrhage and perforation. Occasionally, the patient can present with belching ...
    • Gastric dysmotility and visceral hypersensitivity – an ultrasound approach to functional GI disorders and diabetic gastroparesis 

      Steinsvik, Elisabeth Kjelsvik (Doctoral thesis, 2021-09-24)
      Background: Functional dyspepsia (FD), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and diabetic gastroparesis (DG) are conditions with overlapping symptoms and motility characteristics. The objective of this dissertation was to investigate ...
    • Gastric emptying of low- and high-caloric liquid meals measured using ultrasonography in healthy volunteers 

      Mazzawi, Tarek; Bartsch, Emily; Benammi, Sara; Ferro, Rosa Maria Carrasco; Nikitina, Ekaterina; Nimer, Nancy; Ortega, Lara Jiménez; Perrotte, Charles; Pithon, Joäo Vitor; Rosalina, Safira; Sharp, Alexis; Stevano, Reza; Hatlebakk, Jan Gunnar; Hausken, Trygve (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-01-07)
      Purpose Delayed gastric emptying is present in patients with functional dyspepsia (FD), diabetes mellitus, and neurological diseases. Diet may affect gastric emptying symptoms in patients with FD. We sought to determine ...
    • Gastric function in diabetic gastroparesis assessed by ultrasound and scintigraphy 

      Steinsvik, Elisabeth Kjelsvik; Sangnes, Dag A.; Søfteland, Eirik; Biermann, Martin; Assmus, Jörg; Dimcevski, Georg Gjorgji; Gilja, Odd Helge; Hausken, Trygve (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Gastroparesis is a severe diabetes complication characterized by delayed gastric emptying. We examined patients with symptoms of diabetic gastroparesis using gastric emptying scintigraphy and ultrasound drink ...
    • Gastrointestinal transit and contractility in diabetic constipation: A wireless motility capsule study on diabetes patients and healthy controls 

      Sangnes, Dag A.; Lundervold, Katarina; Bekkelund, Mattis; Volkmann, Hilde Løland Von; Berentsen, Birgitte; Gilja, Odd Helge; Dimcevski, Georg; Søfteland, Eirik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Background: Diabetic constipation is traditionally attributed to slow colonic transit, despite limited evidence. More than half of patients find treatment unsatisfactory. To improve treatment, there is a need for better ...
    • Gastrointestinal Ultrasound Can Predict Endoscopic Activity in Crohn’s Disease 

      Sævik, Fredrik; Gilja, Odd Helge; Nylund, Kim (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020-04-24)
      Purpose To explore the ability of gastrointestinal ultrasound (GIUS) to separate patients in endoscopic remission from patients with active disease in a heterogeneous hospital cohort with Crohn’s disease (CD). Materials ...
    • Gastrointestinal Ultrasound in Functional Disorders of the Gastrointestinal Tract - EFSUMB Consensus Statement 

      Maconi, Giovanni; Hausken, Trygve; Dietrich, Christoph F.; Pallotta, Nadia; Sporea, Ioan; Nürnberg, Dieter; Dirks, Klaus; Romanini, Laura; Serra, Carla; Braden, Barbara; Spârchez, Zeno; Gilja, Odd Helge (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Abdominal ultrasonography and intestinal ultrasonography are widely used as first diagnostic tools for investigating patients with abdominal symptoms, mainly for excluding organic diseases. However, gastrointestinal ...
    • Gastroparesis Symptoms Associated with Intestinal Hypomotility: An Explorative Study Using Wireless Motility Capsule 

      Bekkelund, Mattis; Sangnes, Dag André; Søfteland, Eirik Wigtil; Aabakken, Lars; Biermann, Martin; Steinsvik, Elisabeth K.; Hausken, Trygve; Dimcevski, Georg; Hatlebakk, Jan Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Objective: Gastric emptying measurements are mandatory in gastroparesis diagnostics, but the association between delayed emptying and symptoms is questionable. It is imperative to find biomarkers better correlated to symptom ...
    • GBA and APOE Impact Cognitive Decline in Parkinson's Disease: A 10-Year Population-Based Study 

      Szwedo, Aleksandra Anna; Dalen, Ingvild; Pedersen, Kenn Freddy; Camacho, Marta; Bäckström, David; Forsgren, Lars; Tzoulis, Charalampos; Winder-Rhodes, Sophie; Hudson, Gavin; Liu, Ganqiang; Scherzer, Clemens R.; Lawson, Rachael A.; Yarnall, Alison J.; Williams-Gray, Caroline H.; Macleod, Angus D.; Counsell, Carl E.; Tysnes, Ole-Bjørn; Alves, Guido Werner; Maple-Grødem, Jodi (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Background: Common genetic variance in apolipoprotein E (APOE), β-glucocerebrosidase (GBA), microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT), and α-synuclein (SNCA) has been linked to cognitive decline in Parkinson's disease (PD), ...
    • GBA and APOE ε4 associate with sporadic dementia with Lewy bodies in European genome wide association study 

      Rongve, Arvid; Witoelar, Aree; Ruiz, Agustín; Athanasiu, Lavinia; Abdelnour, Carla; Clarimon, Jordi; Heilmann-Heimbach, Stefanie; Hernández, Isabel; Moreno-Grau, Sonia; de Rojas, Itziar; Morenas-Rodríguez, Estrella; Fladby, Tormod; Sando, Sigrid Botne; Bråthen, Geir; Blanc, Frédéric; Bousiges, Olivier; Lemstra, Afina W.; van Steenoven, Inger; Londos, Elisabet; Almdahl, Ina Selseth; Pålhaugen, Lene; Eriksen, Jon Alm; Djurovic, Srdjan; Stordal, Eystein; Saltvedt, Ingvild; Ulstein, Ingun; Bettella, Francesco; Desikan, Rahul S.; Idland, Ane-Victoria; Toft, Mathias; Pihlstrøm, Lasse; Snaedal, Jon; Tárraga, Lluís; Boada, Mercè; Lleó, Alberto; Stefánsson, Hreinn; Stefánsson, Kári; Ramírez, Alfredo; Aarsland, Dag; Andreassen, Ole Andreas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-05-07)
      Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) is a common neurodegenerative disorder with poor prognosis and mainly unknown pathophysiology. Heritability estimates exceed 30% but few genetic risk variants have been identified. Here we ...
    • GBA2 mutations cause a Marinesco-Sjogren-like syndrome: Genetic and biochemical studies 

      Haugarvoll, Kristoffer; Johansson, Stefan; Rodriguez, Carlos E.; Boman, Helge; Haukanes, Bjørn Ivar; Bruland, Ove; Roque, Francisco; Jonassen, Inge; Blomqvist, Maria; Telstad, Wenche; Månsson, Jan-Eric; Knappskog, Per; Bindoff, Laurence (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-01-04)
      Background: With the advent new sequencing technologies, we now have the tools to understand the phenotypic diversity and the common occurrence of phenocopies. We used these techniques to investigate two Norwegian families ...
    • Gender Differences in Kidney Stone Disease (KSD): Findings from a Systematic Review 

      Gillams, Kathryn; Jones, Patrick; Juliebø, Siri Øvereng; Somani, Bhaskar K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Purpose of review: The prevalence of kidney stones is rising and historically carries a preponderance for males. However, recent evidence has questioned whether this gender gap is closing. The aim of this systematic review ...
    • Gene expression alterations in salivary gland epithelia of Sjögren’s syndrome patients are associated with clinical and histopathological manifestations 

      Dela Cruz, Ariana; Kartha, Vinay; Tilston-Lunel, Andrew; Mi, Rongjuan; Reynolds, Taylor L.; Mingueneau, Michael; Monti, Stefano; Jensen, Janicke Liaaen; Skarstein, Kathrine; Varelas, Xaralabos; Kukuruzinska, Maria A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Sjögren’s syndrome (SS) is a complex autoimmune disease associated with lymphocytic infiltration and secretory dysfunction of salivary and lacrimal glands. Although the etiology of SS remains unclear, evidence suggests ...
    • Gene expression in the rat brain: High similarity but unique differences between frontomedial-, temporal- and occipital cortex 

      Stansberg, Christine; Ersland, Kari Merete; Valk, Paul van der; Steen, Vidar Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-01-26)
      Background: The six-layered neocortex of the mammalian brain may appear largely homologous, but is in reality a modular structure of anatomically and functionally distinct areas. However, global gene expression seems to ...
    • Gene expression profiles in rat brain disclose CNS signature genes and regional patterns of functional specialisation 

      Stansberg, Christine; Vik-Mo, Audun O.; Holdhus, Rita; Breilid, Harald; Srebro, Boleslaw; Petersen, Kjell; Jørgensen, Hugo A.; Jonassen, Inge; Steen, Vidar Martin (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2007-04-04)
      Background: The mammalian brain is divided into distinct regions with structural and neurophysiological differences. As a result, gene expression is likely to vary between regions in relation to their cellular composition ...
    • Gene expression profiles of CMS2-epithelial/canonical colorectal cancers are largely driven by DNA copy number gains 

      Berg, Kaja Christine Graue; Sveen, Anita; Høland, Maren; Alagaratnam, Sharmini; Rasmussen, Marianne Berg; Danielsen, Stine Aske; Nesbakken, Arild; Søreide, Kjetil; Lothe, Ragnhild A (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-07-15)
      About 80% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) have chromosomal instability, which is an integral part of aggressive malignancy development, but the importance of specific copy number aberrations (CNAs) in modulating gene expression, ...
    • Gene expression profiling of meningiomas: current status after a decade of microarray-based transcriptomic studies 

      Aarhus, Mads; Lund-Johansen, Morten; Knappskog, Per (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2011-01-14)
      Purpose This article provides a review of the transcriptomic expression profiling studies that have been performed on meningiomas so far. We discuss some future prospects and challenges ahead in the field of gene expression ...