Now showing items 76-95 of 705

    • C/EBPB-dependent adaptation to palmitic acid promotes tumor formation in hormone receptor negative breast cancer 

      Liu, Xiaozheng; Rulina, Anastasiia; Choi, Man Hung; Pedersen, Line; Lepland, Johanna; Takle, Sina Thorsen; Madeleine, Noëlly; Peters, Stacey D'mello; Wogsland, Cara Ellen; Grøndal, Sturla Magnus; Lorens, James Bradley; Goodarzi, Hani; Lønning, Per Eystein; Knappskog, Stian; Molven, Anders; Halberg, Nils Henrik (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Epidemiological studies have established a positive association between obesity and the incidence of postmenopausal breast cancer. Moreover, it is known that obesity promotes stem cell-like properties of breast cancer ...
    • Cabozantinib is effective in melanoma brain metastasis cell lines and affects key signaling pathways 

      Mannsåker, Trond Are; Hoang, Tuyen; Aasen, Synnøve Nymark; Bjørnstad, Ole Vidhammer; Parajuli, Himalaya; Sundstrøm, Terje; Thorsen, Frits (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-11-14)
      Melanomas have a high potential to metastasize to the brain. Recent advances in targeted therapies and immunotherapies have changed the therapeutical landscape of extracranial melanomas. However, few patients with melanoma ...
    • Camptothecin and khat (Catha edulis Forsk.) induced distinct cell death phenotypes involving modulation of c-FLIPL, Mcl-1, procaspase-8 and mitochondrial function in acute myeloid leukemia cell lines 

      Bredholt, Therese; Dimba, Elizabeth A. O.; Hagland, Hanne; Wergeland, Line; Skavland, Jørn; Fossan, Kjell Ove; Tronstad, Karl Johan; Johannessen, Anne Christine; Vintermyr, Olav Karsten; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2009-11-13)
      Background: An organic extract of the recreational herb khat (Catha edulis Forsk.) triggers cell death in various leukemia cell lines in vitro. The chemotherapeutics camptothecin, a plant alkaloid topoisomerase I inhibitor, ...
    • Cancer cell heterogeneity and plasticity: A paradigm shift in glioblastoma 

      Yabo, Yahaya A.; Niclou, Simone Pierrette; Golebiewska, Anna (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Phenotypic plasticity has emerged as a major contributor to intra-tumoral heterogeneity and treatment resistance in cancer. Increasing evidence shows that glioblastoma (GBM) cells display prominent intrinsic plasticity and ...
    • Cancer stem cells as mediators of treatment resistance in brain tumors: Status and controversies 

      Sakariassen, Per Øystein; Immervoll, Heike; Chekenya, Martha (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2007-11)
      Malignant primary brain tumors are characterized by a short median survival and an almost 100% tumorrelated mortality. Despite the addition of new chemotherapy regimes, the overall survival has improved marginally, and ...
    • Cancer-associated fibroblasts in desmoplastic tumors: emerging role of integrins 

      Zeltz, Cedric; Primac, Irina; Murugan Erusappan, Pugazendhi; Alam, Jahedul; Noel, Agnes; Gullberg, Donald (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      The tumor microenvironment (TME) is a complex meshwork of extracellular matrix (ECM) macromolecules filled with a collection of cells including cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs), blood vessel associated smooth muscle ...
    • A candidate gene investigation of methylphenidate response in adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder patients: results from a naturalistic study 

      Hegvik, Tor-Arne; Jacobsen, Kaya Kvarme; Fredriksen, Mats; Zayats, Tetyana; Haavik, Jan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016-08)
      Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood onset neuropsychiatric disorder with a complex and heterogeneous symptomatology. Persistence of ADHD symptoms into adulthood is common. Methylphenidate ...
    • Capacitance measurement of dendritic exocytosis in an electrically coupled inhibitory retinal interneuron: an experimental and computational study 

      Hartveit, Espen; Veruki, Margaret Lin; Zandt, Bas-Jan (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019-08-04)
      Exocytotic release of neurotransmitter can be quantified by electrophysiological recording from postsynaptic neurons. Alternatively, fusion of synaptic vesicles with the cell membrane can be measured as increased capacitance ...
    • Carbon Dot Therapeutic Platforms: Administration, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, Toxicity, and Therapeutic Potential 

      Truskewycz, Adam Leo; Yin, Hong; Halberg, Nils Henrik; Lai, Daniel T. H.; Ball, Andrew S.; Truong, Vi Khanh; Rybicka, Agata; Cole, Ivan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Ultrasmall nanoparticles are often grouped under the broad umbrella term of “nanoparticles” when reported in the literature. However, for biomedical applications, their small sizes give them intimate interactions with ...
    • Case report: ADHD and prognosis in tyrosinemia type 1 

      Halleland, Helene; Elgen, Irene Bircow; Bliksrud, Yngve Thomas; Hansen, Eirik Vangsøy; Skavhellen, Rita Rigmor; Furevik, Magne Ivar; Haavik, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2023-07-18)
      Neurometabolic disorders such as tyrosinemia type 1 (TYRSN1) may interfere with brain metabolism and show symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients treated with the enzyme inhibitor nitisinone ...
    • Catestatin, an endogenous Chromogranin A-derived peptide, inhibits in vitro growth of Plasmodium falciparum 

      Akaddar, Aziza; Doderer-Lang, Cécile; Marzahn, Melissa R.; Delalande, François; Mousli, Marc; Helle, Karen Blaauw; Dorsselaer, Alain; Aunis, Dominique; Dunn, Ben M.; Metz-Boutigue, Marie-Hélène; Candolfi, Ermanno (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2010-02-23)
      Catestatin, an endogenous peptide derived from bovine chromogranin A, and its active domain cateslytin display powerful antimicrobial activities. We have tested the activities of catestatin and other related peptides on ...
    • CCT196969 effectively inhibits growth and survival of melanoma brain metastasis cells 

      Reigstad, Agathe; Herdlevær, Christina Frantzen; Rigg, Emma Kayleigh; Hoang, Tuyen; Bjørnstad, Ole Vidhammer; Aasen, Synnøve Nymark; Preis, Jasmin; Haan, Claude; Sundstrøm, Terje; Thorsen, Frits (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      Melanomas frequently metastasize to the brain. Despite recent progress in the treatment of melanoma brain metastasis, therapy resistance and relapse of disease remain unsolved challenges. CCT196969 is a SRC family kinase ...
    • Cell Death inducing microbial protein phosphatase inhibitors-mechanisms of action 

      Kleppe, Rune; Herfindal, Lars; Døskeland, Stein Ove (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015-10-22)
      Okadaic acid (OA) and microcystin (MC) as well as several other microbial toxins like nodularin and calyculinA are known as tumor promoters as well as inducers of apoptotic cell death. Their intracellular targets are the ...
    • CellSegm - a MATLAB toolbox for high-throughput 3D cell segmentation 

      Hodneland, Erlend; Kögel, Tanja; Frei, Dominik M.; Gerdes, Hans-Hermann; Lundervold, Arvid (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013-08-09)
      The application of fluorescence microscopy in cell biology often generates a huge amount of imaging data. Automated whole cell segmentation of such data enables the detection and analysis of individual cells, where a manual ...
    • Cellular heterogeneity contributes to subtype-specific expression of ZEB1 in human glioblastoma 

      Euskirchen, Philipp; Radke, Josefine; Schmidt, Marc Sören; Heuling, Eva Schulze; Kadikowski, Eric; Maricos, Meron; Knab, Felix; Grittner, Ulrike; Zerbe, Norman; Czabanka, Marcus; Dieterich, Christoph; Miletic, Hrvoje; Mørk, Sverre; Koch, Arend; Endres, Matthias; Harms, Christoph (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017-09-25)
      The transcription factor ZEB1 has gained attention in tumor biology of epithelial cancers because of its function in epithelial-mesenchymal transition, DNA repair, stem cell biology and tumor-induced immunosuppression, but ...
    • Cellular Host Responses to Gliomas 

      Najbauer, Joseph; Huszthy, Peter Csaba; Barish, Michael E.; Garcia, Elizabeth; Metz, Marianne Z.; Myers, Sarah M.; Gutova, Margarita; Frank, Richard T.; Miletic, Hrvoje; Kendall, Stephen E.; Glackin, Carlotta A.; Bjerkvig, Rolf; Aboody, Karen S. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012-04-23)
      Background: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive type of malignant primary brain tumors in adults. Molecular and genetic analysis has advanced our understanding of glioma biology, however mapping the cellular ...
    • Cellular responses to metabolic stress. A study on the role of mitochondria in the crosstalk between cell metabolism and survival signaling 

      Hagland, Hanne (Doctoral thesis, 2012-08-31)
      Metabolic imbalance is associated with increased risk of several diseases, including cancer. Metabolism affects or is affected by virtually all other cellular processes, which is not surprising considering their conserved ...
    • Cerebrospinal fluid proteome shows disrupted neuronal development in multiple sclerosis 

      Mosleth, Ellen Færgestad; Vedeler, Christian Alexander; Liland, Kristian Hovde; McLeod, Anette; Bringeland, Gerd Haga; Kroondijk, Liesbeth; Berven, Frode Steingrimsen; Lysenko, Artem; Rawlings, Christopher J.; El-Hajj Eid, Karim; Opsahl, Jill Anette; Gjertsen, Bjørn Tore; Myhr, Kjell-Morten; Gavasso, Sonia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021-02-18)
      Despite intensive research, the aetiology of multiple sclerosis (MS) remains unknown. Cerebrospinal fluid proteomics has the potential to reveal mechanisms of MS pathogenesis, but analyses must account for disease ...
    • Challenges and Prospects for Designer T and NK Cells in Glioblastoma Immunotherapy 

      Arnesen, Victoria Smith; Gras Navarro, Andrea; Enger, Martha (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2021)
      Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most prevalent, aggressive primary brain tumour with a dismal prognosis. Treatment at diagnosis has limited efficacy and there is no standardised treatment at recurrence. New, personalised treatment ...
    • Changes in Tryptophan-Kynurenine Metabolism in Patients with Depression Undergoing ECT-A Systematic Review 

      Aarsland, Tore Ivar Malmei; Instanes, Johanne Telnes; Posserud, Maj-Britt Rocio; Ulvik, Arve; Kessler, Ute; Haavik, Jan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2022)
      The kynurenine pathway of tryptophan (Trp) metabolism generates multiple biologically active metabolites (kynurenines) that have been implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders. It has been suggested that modulation of ...